Mufti (/ˈmʌfti/; Arabic: مفتي), an Islamic legal authority who gives a formal legal opinion (fatwa) in answer to an inquiry by a private individual or judge. A fatwa usually requires knowledge of the Qur'ān and Hadith (narratives concerning the Prophet’s life and sayings), as well as knowledge of exegesis and collected precedents, and might be a pronouncement on some problematic legal matter.
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- Fatwa – multi-part article from The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, via Oxford Islamic Studies
- The ethics of Muftī by Imam Ibn Khaldûn(in French)
- Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. .
- New International Encyclopedia. 1905. .