The Mughal dynasty, or Great Moguls or simply Moguls or Muguls (a corruption of the word 'Mongol') were a dynasty of Muslim rulers who came from Central Asia and founded the Mughal Empire in medieval India. It was a branch of the Timurid dynasty founded by Tamerlane.
The Mughal dynasty is generally divided into the following:
Early or Great Mughals[change | change source]
- Babur (reigned 1526-1530) founded the dynasty;
- Humayun (r: 1530-1540, then interregnum, then back in 1555-1556)
- Akbar the Great (1556-1605)
- Jahangir (1606-1627)
- Shah Jahan (1627-1658)
- Aurangzeb Alamgir (1658-1707)
Later or Lesser Mughals[change | change source]
- Shah Alam Bahadur Shah I (1707-1712)
- Jahandar Shah (1712-1713)
- Farrukhsiyar (1713-1719)
- Muhammad Shah Rangeela (1719-1748)
- Ahmad Shah (1748-1754)
- Alamgir II (1754-1759)
- Shah Alam II (1759-1806)
- Akbar (Shah) II (1806-1837)
- Bahadur Shah II (1837-1858)
The last Mughal, Bahādur Shah II (reigned 1837–57), was exiled to Yangon, Myanmar (Rangoon, Burma) by the British after his involvement with the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58.
References[change | change source]
- B Gascoine, The Great Mughals, London:Jonathan Cape, 1971
- In which Sher Shah Suri the Afghan/Pashtun soldier and his successors briefly took over the government
- "Mughal". Biography & History. 2017-05-01. http://www.gyanipandit.com/mughal-history-in-hindi/. Retrieved 2017-07-04.