Mulayam Singh Yadav (22 November 1939 – 10 October 2022) was an Indian politician. He was a socialist figure and the founder of the Samajwadi Party[en]. He also served 3 non-consecutive terms as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He previously served as the Minister of Defence in Government of India from 1996 till 1998.
He was the Member of Parliament representing the Mainpuri constituency in the Lok Sabha from 2019 until his death in 2022. He previously had represented in Lok Sabha from Azamgarh, Sambhal and Kannauj constituencies.
He had a political career for more than six decades. He was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for 7 times and the Member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (MLA) for 10 times. He was known as Netaji (which means respected leader in Hindi) by party leaders and workers.
Early life[change | change source]
Yadav earned three degrees in political science —
- B.A. from Karm Kshetra Post Graduate College in Etawah
- B.T. from A. K. College in Shikohabad
- M.A. from B. R. College, Agra University[en].
Career[change | change source]
Teaching career[change | change source]
Before joining politics, Yadav was engaged in teaching profession. In 1963, he was a teacher at Jain Inter-College in Karhal, Mainpuri. After attaining his master degree, he was promoted to a lecturer in 1974. 
Political career[change | change source]
Yadav was groomed to enter politics by leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain. Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there. In 1975, during Indira Gandhi's imposition of the Emergency, Yadav was arrested. He was kept imprisoned for 19 months.
He first became a state minister in 1977. Later in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal in Uttar Pradesh. Later the party became a part of the Janata Dal[en] (means People's Party). In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985. When the Lok Dal party split, Yadav launched the Krantikari Morcha party.
Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.
Personal life and death[change | change source]
Yadav was married twice. His first married to Malti Devi, who was in a vegetative state from 1974 until her death in May 2003 following complications while giving birth to their only child, Akhilesh Yadav. Akhilesh was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017.
Mulayam had a relationship with Sadhana Gupta even after married to Malti Devi in the 1990s. Gupta was not well known until February 2007. Later, the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court. Sadhana Gupta had a son named Prateek Yadav (born 1988), from her first marriage to Chandra Prakash Gupta. Sadhana Gupta died in July 2022 after a brief illness.
In September 2022, Yadav was admitted to hospital and put on a ventilator after his condition is not good. He had been in hospital for a month. Yadav died on 10 October 2022 at age 82 in a hospital in Gurgaon. His last rites were performed with full state honours at his hometown Saifai.
References[change | change source]
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav".
- "Lok Sabha member profile". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013.
- "Detailed Profile: Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav". Government of India. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Yadav, Shyamlal (7 March 2012). "The Samajwadi Parivar". Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "From Mulayam Yadav to Mayawati: Teachers who turned politicians". The Asian Age. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- "Former students of UP's Jain Inter-College recall lessons by Netaji". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: A Political Biography. Konark Publishers. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-81-220-0530-1.
- Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Business Standard Political Profiles of Cabals and Kings. Business Standard Books. 2009. p. 47. ISBN 978-81-905735-4-2.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav Biography in Hindi: About Family, Political life, Age, Photos, Videos". Patrika News (in Hindi). Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- "Member Profile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
- "Results of Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections". eci.gov.in. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav shifted to critical care unit of Gurugram's Medanta Hospital". Hindustan Times. 3 October 2022.
- "Tributes paid to Mulayam's wife". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 October 2013.[dead link]
- "Warring Yadavs star in Kalyug's Ramayan". Times of India Blog. 26 October 2016.
- "What befalls a hubby who forgets a Kaikeyisque boon". www.telegraphindia.com.
- Bhatt, Sheela (6 March 2007). "Will this man bring down Mulayam?". rediff.com. Retrieved 10 October 2007.
- "मुलायम के अकेले वारिस हैं अखिलेश, प्रतीक नहीं हैं बेटे!". आज तक (in Hindi). 26 October 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- "मुलायम के अकेले वारिस हैं अखिलेश, प्रतीक नहीं हैं बेटे!". 26 October 2016.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav's wife Sadhana Gupta cremated in Lucknow | Lucknow News – Times of India". The Times of India.
- Sharma, Saurabh (10 October 2022). "Veteran Indian politician Mulayam Singh Yadav dies at 82". Reuters. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav: Indian political stalwart dies, aged 82". BBC News. 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
- "Updates: Mulayam Singh Yadav Dies At 82, Political Leaders Pay Tributes". NDTV.com. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
- "Mulayam Singh Yadav to be cremated with full state honours this afternoon". NewsOnAir. 10 October 2022.
- Bureau, ABP News (11 October 2022). "Mulayam Singh Yadav Funeral LIVE Updates: Last Rites Of SP Founder Commence At Saifai". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
Further reading[change | change source]
- Samajwadi Supremo Mulayam singh yadav passed away
- Rao, Ursula (2010). News As Culture: Journalistic Practices and the Remaking of Indian Leadership Tradition. Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845456696.
- Brass, Paul R. (1997). Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691026503.
- Ludden, David E., ed. (1996). Contesting the Nation: Religion, Community, and the Politics of Democracy in India. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812215854.
- Singh, Ram; Yadav, Anshuman (1998). Mulayam Singh: a political biography. Konark Publishers. ISBN 9788122005301.