Names of the Sun God in Meitei religion

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In Sanamahism (Meitei religion), there are multiple identities of the Sun God, among which Korouhanba, Sanamahi and Nongshaba are often depicted as the solar deity in many Meitei scriptures of Ancient Manipur (Ancient Kangleipak).[1][2][3]

Classical Meitei Transliteration Translation
ꯀꯣꯂꯧ (ꯀꯣꯔꯧ) Kolou (Korou) "The Sun"
ꯀꯣꯂꯧꯍꯟꯄ (ꯀꯣꯔꯧꯍꯟꯕ) Kolouhanpa (Korouhanba) "Master of the Sky"[1]
ꯁꯅꯥ ꯈꯣꯝꯃꯇꯣꯟ (ꯁꯅꯥ ꯈꯣꯝꯃꯗꯣꯟ) Sana Khommaton (Sana Khommadon)[4] "Golden sphere" or "Golden ball"
ꯁꯦꯟꯀꯣꯢꯂꯦꯡ/ꯁꯦꯟꯀꯣꯏꯂꯦꯡ (ꯁꯦꯟꯒꯣꯢꯔꯦꯡ/ꯁꯦꯟꯒꯣꯏꯔꯦꯡ) Senkoileng/Shenkoileng (Sengoireng/Shengoireng) "The planet" or "Circle of light"[1]
ꯁꯣꯡꯄꯨ ꯆꯤꯂꯥꯢ ꯇꯥꯡꯄ (ꯁꯣꯡꯕꯨ ꯆꯤꯔꯥꯢ ꯇꯥꯡꯕ) Songpu Chilai Tangpa (Songbu Chirai Tangba) "Bald headed physician"[1]
ꯂꯥꯡꯆꯈꯩ (ꯂꯥꯡꯖꯈꯩ) Langchakhei (Langjakhei)
ꯃꯥꯂꯦꯝꯈꯩ Malemkhei
ꯅꯨꯃꯤꯠ Numit "The Sun" or "Eye of the Sky"[5][6]
ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯄ ꯃꯩ (ꯅꯣꯡꯁꯥꯕ ꯃꯩ) Nongsapa Mei (Nongsaba Mei)[3] "Celestial fire" or "Heavenly fire"
ꯅꯣꯡꯄꯣꯛ ꯋꯥꯢꯂꯪꯆꯥ (ꯅꯣꯡꯄꯣꯛ ꯋꯥꯢꯔꯪꯆꯥ) Nongpok Wailangcha (Nongpok Wairangcha)
ꯆꯥꯂꯪꯁꯣꯟ (ꯆꯥꯔꯪꯁꯣꯟ) Chalangson (Charangson)
ꯇꯥꯎꯂꯣꯢꯅꯥꯢ/ꯇꯥꯎꯂꯣꯏꯅꯥꯏ (ꯇꯥꯎꯔꯣꯢꯅꯥꯢ/ꯇꯥꯎꯔꯣꯏꯅꯥꯏ) Taoloinai/Tauloinai (Taoroinai/Tauroinai)[7] "The floating one"
ꯇꯥꯎꯇꯟꯄ (ꯇꯥꯎꯗꯟꯕ) Taotanpa (Taodanba)[8] "Slowly floating object"
ꯇꯥꯎꯍꯨꯏꯂꯦꯡ (ꯇꯥꯎꯍꯨꯢꯂꯦꯡ, ꯇꯥꯎꯍꯨꯏꯔꯦꯡ, ꯇꯥꯎꯍꯨꯢꯔꯦꯡ) Taohuileng (Taohuireng)[1]
ꯈꯥꯀꯤ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯁꯥꯐꯄ (ꯈꯥꯒꯤ ꯅꯍꯥ ꯁꯥꯐꯕ) Khaki Nahaa Saphapa (Khagi Nahaa Saphaba) "Northern Muscular Man"
ꯈꯣꯢꯄꯨꯡꯁꯦꯟ/ꯈꯣꯏꯄꯨꯡꯁꯦꯟ (ꯈꯣꯢꯕꯨꯡꯁꯦꯟ/ꯈꯣꯏꯕꯨꯡꯁꯦꯟ) Khoipungsen (Khoibungsen)
ꯉꯥꯟꯇꯨꯂꯦꯡ (ꯉꯥꯟꯇꯨꯔꯦꯡ) Ngantuleng (Ngantureng) "The Brightness Emitter" or "The Remover of Darkness"[1]
ꯊꯄꯤꯂꯣꯡ (ꯊꯕꯤꯂꯣꯡ) Thapilong (Thabilong) "Extraterrestrial planet" or "Extraterrestrial heavenly body"
ꯌꯣꯢꯃꯌꯥꯢ (ꯌꯣꯏꯃꯌꯥꯏ) Yoimayai[8] "Sun God about to set"
ꯑꯄꯥꯟꯄ (ꯑꯄꯥꯟꯕ) Apanpa (Apanba) "The Ruler"
ꯑꯉꯥꯟꯄ (ꯑꯉꯥꯟꯕ) Anganpa (Anganba) "The Bright"

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Singh, Moirangthem Kirti (1993). Folk Culture of Manipur. Manas Publications. ISBN 978-81-7049-063-0.
  2. The Manipuri Lais
  3. 3.0 3.1 Birajit, Soibam (2014). Meeyamgi Kholao: Sprout of Consciousness. ARECOM ( Advanced Research Consortium, Manipur). p. 110.
  4. Hodson, Thomas Callan (1908). The Meitheis. D. Nutt. ISBN 978-81-7536-149-2.
  5. Datta, Birendranatha (1999). Folkloric Foragings in India's North-East. Anundoram Borooah Institute of Language, Art, and Culture.
  6. The sun and cock Numit amadi Yenba By Nganthoi Lourembam
  7. Jacobs, Joseph; Nutt, Alfred Trubner; Wright, Arthur Robinson; Crooke, William (1913). Folklore. Folklore Society.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Sanajaoba, Naorem (1988). Manipur, Past and Present: The Heritage and Ordeals of a Civilization. Mittal Publications. p. 411. ISBN 978-81-7099-853-2.