Nancy Pelosi

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Nancy Pelosi
Official photo of Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2019.jpg
Official portrait, 2019
60th & 63rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byPaul Ryan
In office
January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byDennis Hastert
Succeeded byJohn Boehner
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2019
DeputySteny Hoyer
Preceded byJohn Boehner
Succeeded byKevin McCarthy
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
DeputySteny Hoyer
Preceded byDick Gephardt
Succeeded byJohn Boehner
House Minority Whip
In office
January 15, 2002 – January 3, 2003
LeaderDick Gephardt
Preceded byDavid Bonior
Succeeded bySteny Hoyer
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
June 2, 1987
Preceded bySala Burton
Constituency5th district (1987–1993)
8th district (1993–2013)
12th district (2013–present)
Chair of the California Democratic Party
In office
February 27, 1981 – April 3, 1983
Preceded byCharles Manatt
Succeeded byPeter Kelly
Personal details
Born
Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro

(1940-03-26) March 26, 1940 (age 82)
Towson, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Paul Pelosi (m. 1963)
Children5, including Christine and Alexandra
RelativesThomas D'Alesandro Jr. (Father)
EducationTrinity Washington University (BA)
Net worthUS$26.4 million[1] (2013)
Signature
WebsiteHouse website
Party website

Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is an American politician. She has served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2019. She was also Speaker from 2007 to 2011. She represents the 12th district of California, which is part of the city of San Francisco. She was first elected to Congress in 1987.

Pelosi is a member of the Democratic Party. She is the first woman to lead a major party in the United States Congress.[source?] She is also the first woman and the first Italian-American to be the Speaker of the House. On January 3, 2019, Pelosi was elected speaker for the second time.[2] This would make her the first former speaker to become speaker again since Sam Rayburn in 1955.[3]

In the 2022 midterm elections, Republicans won control of the House, thus ending her second speakership.[4] She announced her retirement as the leader of the House Democratic Caucus, but said she would remain a member of the House.[5] On November 29, 2022, the House Democratic Caucus appointed Pelosi Speaker Emerita of the United States House of Representatives.[6]

Early life[change | change source]

Pelosi was born in University of Maryland St. Joseph Medical Center in Towson, Maryland and she is of Italian heritage.[7][8] [9]Her father, Thomas D'Alesandro, Junior, was Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland. He served five terms in Congress. Her brother, Thomas D'Alesandro III, also was Mayor of Baltimore. He died in October 2019, aged 90.

Pelosi graduated from Trinity College in Washington, D.C. in 1962. She and her husband, Paul Pelosi, have five children: Nancy Corinne, Christine, Jacqueline, Paul and Alexandra. They also have five grandchildren.

Political activity[change | change source]

On September 24, 2019, Pelosi announced the start of first impeachment hearings into Donald Trump.[10] In December 2019, the House formally impeached Trump, though he was later acquitted in the Senate.

On January 14, 2021, Pelosi announced the start of the second impeachment hearings into Donald Trump.[11] In February 2021, the Senate acquitted Trump with a vote of 57 senators voting "guilty" to 43 "not guilty".

On August 5, 2022, China imposed sanctions on Speaker Pelosi and her immediate family. This was because she visited Taiwan on August 2.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hickey, Walter (August 23, 2012). "The 15 Richest Members Of Congress". Business Insider. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  2. DBonis, Mike; Sullivan, Sean (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi re-elected as House speaker as 116th Congress opens". The Mercury News. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  3. Riley, Tonya (January 3, 2019). "Nancy Pelosi Is Voted Speaker of the House, Which Means Democrats Are Officially in Control". Mother Jones. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  4. Breuninger, Kevin (November 16, 2022). "Republicans take control of the House, NBC News projects". CNBC. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  5. Rogers, Alex; Grayer, Annie; Raju, Manu (2022-11-17). "Nancy Pelosi announces she won't run for leadership post, marking the end of an era". CNN. Retrieved 2022-11-17.
  6. Diaz, Daniella. "Jeffries expected to succeed Pelosi as top House Democrat at leadership elections Wednesday". CNN.
  7. Page, Susan. "Nancy Pelosi's birth 80 years ago made headlines, too, as perils gathered for the nation". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 2020-07-26.
  8. Sandalow, Marc (2008-04-29). Madam Speaker: Nancy Pelosi's Life, Times, and Rise to Power. Rodale. ISBN 978-1-59486-807-8.
  9. Page, Susan (2021-04-20). Madam Speaker: Nancy Pelosi and the Lessons of Power. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5387-5071-1.
  10. Fandos, Nicholas (2019-09-24). "Nancy Pelosi Announces Formal Impeachment Inquiry of Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-09-24.
  11. "Donald Trump impeached: what you need to know". the Guardian. 2021-01-13. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  12. Amaro, Silvia. "China sanctions Pelosi over trip to Taiwan, says visit was an 'egregious provocation'". CNBC. Retrieved 2022-11-01.