Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
|Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge|
The two levels of the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge (2008)
|Carries|| Beijing–Shanghai Railway|
National Highway 104
National Highway 205
National Highway 312
|Locale||China: Nanjing, Jiangsu|
|Owner||People's Government of Nanjing|
Shanghai Railway Bureau
|Design||2-level truss bridge|
|Total length||Road: 4,588 meters (15,052 ft)|
Railroad: 6,772 meters (22,218 ft)
|Width||Road: 19.5 meters (64 ft)|
Sidewalk: 4.5 meters (15 ft)
Railroad: 14 meters (46 ft)
|Height||70 meters (230 ft)|
|Longest span||160 meters (525 ft)|
|Number of spans||10|
|Piers in water||9|
|Clearance below||24 meters (79 ft)|
|Designer||PRC Ministry of Railways|
|Construction begin||18 January 1960|
|Construction end||Road: 29 December 1968|
Railroad: 30 September 1968
|Replaces||Yangtze River Railway Ferry|
|Daily traffic||Road: 80,000 cars, trucks, & buses|
Railroad: 200 trains (2011)
The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is a steel bridge in Nanjing across the Yangtze River. It has two levels. The top level is a road for cars, buses, and trucks. There is also a sidewalk for people on foot. That part is 4588 meters or 15,052 feet long. The bottom level is a railroad for trains. That part is 6772 meters or 22,218 feet long.
Name[change | change source]
The Mandarin Chinese name of the bridge is Nánjīng Chángjiāng Dàqiáo,[a] which means "the Big Bridge across the Long River in the Southern Capital". (Chángjiāng[a] or "Long River" is the Chinese name for the Yangtze River, and "Nanjing" means "Southern Capital".) It is written 南京長江大橋 in the traditional characters used by Chinese people on Taiwan and in Hong Kong and 南京长江大桥 in the simplified characters used by mainland China.
History[change | change source]
The Yangtze River is very big and very wide. During wars, people sometimes made pontoon bridges out of many boats. Most of the time, to go from one side to the other, people needed to use a ferry. This made things pretty slow and slowed the growth of China's economy.
The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge was started in 1960. Both parts were finished and opened for use in late 1968. It was the 3rd bridge across the Yangtze River, after Wuhan's bridge and the Baishatuo Bridge near Chongqing. It is still important and a landmark in Nanjing because it was the first big bridge designed and built completely by Chinese people. It also has poems and sayings by Mao Zedong and art from the Cultural Revolution.
Transport[change | change source]
The railroad across the bridge is the Beijing–Shanghai Railway. (This is the railroad for slow trains. The high-speed trains between Beijing and Shanghai use a different bridge.) The same railroad is also part of the Nanjing–Xi'an and Nanjing–Qidong Railways. It is also used for the Shanghai–Chengdu High-Speed Railway, but those trains can't go very fast across the bridge.
Art[change | change source]
The bridge was constructed under the leadership of Chairman Mao Zedong. It is covered with his sayings and calligraphy (artistic handwriting). It also has statues and pictures of strong and passionate soldiers, workers, and farmers that go along with what the words say. There are also pictures of China's growing industry.