Narendra Modi

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Narendra Modi
Shri Narendra Modi.jpg
14th Prime Minister of India
Assumed office
26 May 2014
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
Pranab Mukherjee
Vice PresidentVenkaiah Naidu
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Preceded byManmohan Singh
Additional ministries
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Prime MinisterHimself
Ministry & DepartmentsPersonnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Department of Space, Department of Atomic Energy
Preceded byManmohan Singh
14th Chief Minister of Gujarat
In office
7 October 2001 – 22 May 2014
Governor
Preceded byKeshubhai Patel
Succeeded byAnandiben Patel
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
5 June 2014
Preceded byMurli Manohar Joshi
ConstituencyVaranasi
Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly
In office
1 January 2002 – 16 May 2014
Preceded byKamlesh Patel
Succeeded bySuresh Patel
ConstituencyManinagar
Personal details
Born
Narendra Damodardas Modi

(1950-09-17) 17 September 1950 (age 70)
Vadnagar, Bombay State, India
(present-day Gujarat)
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Other political
affiliations
National Democratic Alliance
Spouse(s)Jashodaben Modi (m. 1968; estranged)[1]
Residence7, Lok Kalyan Marg, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Alma materUniversity of Delhi (BA)
Gujarat University (MA)
AwardsList of state honours
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website
Government website

Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician. He is the current Prime Minister of India serving since 2014. He was the 14th Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat.[2] Modi was elected Prime Minister of India in May 2014.[3] He is a member of Bharatiya Janata Party.

Early life[change | change source]

He was born into a Hindu Gujarati family in Vadnagar. As a child, Narendra Modi used to help his Father, who ran a tea stall at Vadnagar railway station. Later, he and his brother ran a tea stall of their own at a bus terminus.[4][5]

In 1978 Modi received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from School of Open Learning[6] at University of Delhi, graduating with a third class.[7] Five years later, in 1983, he received a Master of Arts degree in political science from Gujarat University,[8][9] as an external distance learning student.[10]

Chief Minister of Gujarat[change | change source]

Modi was appointed Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2001. Modi was elected to the legislative assembly soon after. His administration oversaw the 2002 Gujarat riots, and he was criticized on how he handled it.[11][12] His policies as chief minister, saw economic growth.[13] His administration has been criticised for failing to fix health, poverty and education indices in the state. However, has also been praised for the development of infrastructure and transportation in the state.

Prime Minister[change | change source]

Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election which gave the party a majority in the Indian lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha, the first time for any single party since 1984. He soon became Prime Minister of India.

PM Modi's administration has tried to raise foreign investment in the Indian economy and cut spending on healthcare and social welfare programmes. Moreover, The Modi government has also amendments to existing environmental and labour laws.

Following his party's victory in the 2019 general election, introduced the Citizenship Amendment Act, which resulted in widespread protests across the country.

PM Modi has been a controversial politician over his Hindu nationalist beliefs and his role during the 2002 Gujarat riots.[14][15][16][17]

As a Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has had high approval ratings.[18] In early 2017, a survey from Pew Research Center showed Modi to be the most popular figure in Indian politics.[19]

Personal life[change | change source]

In 1968, he married Jashodaben.[20] However, the couple has been separated. Narendra has a close relationship with his mother, Hiraben.[21] He is a vegetarian.[22]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Jashodaben, named by Narendra Modi as his wife, prays for him to become PM".
  2. "BJP banking on Modi effect". The Hindu - Blog. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  3. "Modi wins India's election with a landslide, early results show". Reuters. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  4. "'I have a special association with tea', Modi tells Lankan Tamils". www.oneindia.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  5. Sinha, N. C. High School Essays. p. 20. ISBN 978-93-5186-604-6.
  6. "Narendra Modi degree row: DU college says it has no data of students passing out in 1978". India Today. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  7. "Narendra Modi's degree 'authentic': Delhi University Registrar Tarun Das". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  8. Avasthi, Yogesh (10 May 2016). "Globetrotting PM Modi was weakest in 'International Relations'". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  9. "Modi proves to be an astute strategist". Hindustan Times. 23 December 2007. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  10. "Degree row- PM Modi MA with first class: Gujarat University". The Indian Express. May 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  11. "India Gujarat Chief Minister Modi cleared in riots case". BBC News. BBC. 10 April 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  12. Dasgupta, Manas (10 April 2012). "SIT finds no proof against Modi, says court". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  13. Joseph, Manu (15 February 2012). "Shaking Off the Horror of the Past in India". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  14. Menon, Kalyani Devaki (2012). Everyday Nationalism: Women of the Hindu Right in India. The University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8122-2234-0. Yet, months after this violent pogrom against Muslims, the Hindu nationalist chief minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi, went to the polls and won a resounding victory
  15. Mishra, Pankaj (April 2011). Visweswaran, Kamala (ed.). Perspectives on Modern South Asia: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-4051-0062-5. The chief minister of Gujarat, a young up-and-coming leader of the Hindu nationalists called Narendra Modi, quoted Isaac Newton to explain the killings of Muslims. "Every action", he said, "has an equal and opposite reaction."
  16. Robinson, Simon (11 December 2007). "India's Voters Torn Over Politician". Time Magazine. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  17. Burke, Jason (28 March 2010). "Gujarat leader Narendra Modi grilled for 10 hours at massacre inquiry". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  18. Zainulbhai, Hani (17 September 2015). "Indians adore Modi". Pew Research. Archived from the original on 14 November 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  19. "PM Narendra Modi 'By Far' Most Popular Figure in Indian Politics: Pew Survey". NDTV. 16 November 2017. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  20. "Narendra Modi's 'wife' Jashodaben finally speaks, 'I like to read about him (Modi) ... I know he will become PM'". The Financial Express. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  21. "PM Narendra Modi takes blessings from mother Hiraba on his 66th birthday". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 22 September 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  22. "10 facts to know about Prime Minister Narendra Modi". 23 October 2012. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2018.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Narendra Modi at Wikimedia Commons