National Alliance on Mental Illness

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), formerly known as the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, is an American non-profit national advocacy organization founded in 1979 for people affected by serious mental illnesses and their families.[1][2] NAMI has over 200,000 members, offices in all 50 states, and 1200 affiliates across the United States. NAMI is a en:grassroots organization that is run primarily by volunteers.[3]

NAMI Family-to-Family[change | change source]

The NAMI Family-to-Family Education Program is a free 12-week course targeted toward family and friends of individuals with mental illness. The courses are taught by a NAMI-trained family member of a person diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder. Family-to-Family is taught in 44 states, and two provinces in Canada. The program was developed by Clinical Psychologist Joyce Burland, PhD.[4]

Purpose[change | change source]

The Family-to-Family program provides general information about mental illness and how it is currently treated. The programs cover mental illnesses including schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, etc.), as well as the benefits and side effects of medications. Family-to-Family, like the rest of NAMI programs, takes a biologically-based approach to explaining mental illness and its treatments.

In addition to providing information on mental illness, the Family-to-Family program teaches coping skills and the power of advocacy to students. Empathy is hoped to be gained by students' better understanding of the subjective experience of living with a mental illness. Special workshops also teach problem solving, listening, and communication techniques. Family-to-Family also provides advocacy support, offering family members guidance on locating support and services within surrounding areas, and information on current advocacy initiatives dedicated to improving available services.

Evidence based[change | change source]

The NAMI Family-to-Family program has been shown to empower families in the way they solve internal problems, and reduced the anxiety of participants in randomized controlled trials,[5] a finding which was shown to persist 6 months later.[6] These studies confirm preliminary findings that Family-to-Family graduates describe a permanent transformation in the understanding and engagement with mental illness in themselves and their family.[7] Because a en:randomized controlled trial is at risk of poor en:external validity by en:confirmation bias, Dixon and colleges sought out to strengthen the evidence basis by confirming the benefits attributed to Family-to-Family with a subset of individuals who declined participation during initial studies[8]

Program origins[change | change source]

The NAMI Family-to-Family program was found to be effective in increasing schizophrenia patient caregivers' self-efficacy while reducing a subjective burden and need for information.[9] In light of recent research, Family-to-Family was added to the National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. NAMI About Us
  2. Jeffrey Thomas. 2006. U.S. Nonprofit Group Is “Nation’s Voice on Mental Illness”. American Information Program. America Engaging the World. December 21. NAMI Start.
  3. Committee on Veterans Affairs: Hearings. U.S. Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs. U.S. Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs Sub-hearing. NAMI and U.S. Govt..
  4. "Joyce Burland, Ph.D." nami.org. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  5. Dixon, Lisa (June 2011). "Outcomes of a Randomized Study of a Peer-Taught Family-to-Family Education Program for Mental Illness". Psychiatric Services 62 (6): 591–597. doi:10.1176/ps.62.6.pss6206_0591. PMC 4749398. PMID 21632725. 
  6. Lucksted, Alicia (June 1, 2012). "Sustained outcomes of a peer-taught family education program on mental illness". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 127 (4): 279–286. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2012.01901.x. 
  7. Lucksted, Alicia (2008). "Benefits and changes for family to family graduates". American Journal of Community Psychology 42 (1–2): 154–166. doi:10.1007/s10464-008-9195-7. PMID 18597167. 
  8. Marcus, Sue (August 2013). "Generalizability in the Family-to- Family Education Program Randomized Waitlist-Control Trial". Psychiatric Services 64 (8): 754–763. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.002912012. PMID 23633161. 
  9. Yildirim, Arzu (March 13, 2013). "The Effect of Family-to-Family Support Programs Provided for Families of Schizophrenic Patients on Information about Illness, Family Burden, and Self-efficacy". Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 25 (1): 31–37. doi:10.5080/u7194. PMID 24590847. 
  10. "National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Family-to-Family Education Program". U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Substance abuse and Mental Health Administration. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]