National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (国立天文台 kokuritsu tenmondai ), also known as NAOJ, is a Japanese astronomy research organization. NAOJ has several facilities in Japan; and it has an observatory on Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
History[change | change source]
NAOJ was established in 1988. Three institutions merged. They were the
- Tokyo Astronomical Observatory of the University of Tokyo
- International Latitude Observatory of Mizusawa
- Research Institute of Atmospherics of Nagoya University.
In 2004, NAOJ became part of the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS). NINS was created to promote collaboration among researchers of the five constituent institutes. NAOJ merged with four other national institutes. They were
- National Institute for Basic Biology
- National Institute for Fusion Science
- National Institute for Physiological Sciences
- Institute for Molecular Science
Timeline[change | change source]
- 1888 Tokyo Astronomical Observatory was established by the University of Tokyo
- 1899 Latitude Observatory was established in Mizusawa.
- 1908 Astronomical Society of Japan established.
- 1949 Nobeyama University Atmospheric Research Center established
- 1960 Okayama Astrophysical Observatory established
- 1981 Hinotori satellite launched
- 1988 NAOJ established
- 1992 Nobeyama Radio Heliograph began observations
- 1996 Introduction and open use of super computers
- 1997 HALCA satellite launched
- 1999 Subaru Telescope begain working on Mauna Kea in Hawaii
- 2004 NAOJ merged into NINS
- 2006 Ishigakishima Obervatory established, Akari satellite launched
- 2007 Kaguya satellite launched
Locations[change | change source]
- Mitaka Campus at Mitaka, Tokyo
- The Headquarters, Astronomy Data Center, Advanced Technology Center, Public Relations Center
- Solar Flare Telescope, Sunspot Telescope, TAMA 300 gravitational wave detector
- Tokyo Photoelectric Meridian Circle
- Historical instruments: Solar Tower Telescope, 65cm refractor dome, 20cm refractor dome )
- Nobeyama Radio Observatory & Nobeyama Solar Radio Observatory at Minamimaki, Nagano
- 45m Millimeter Radio Telescope, Nobeyama Millimeter Array, Nobeyama Radio Heliograph )
- Mizusawa VERA Observatory at Ōshū, Iwate.
- 20m radio telescope, 10m VLBI radio telescope )
- Historical building: Dr. Kimura Museum
- Norikura Solar Observatory at Mount Norikura, Nagano
- 10cm Coronagraph, 25cm Coronagraph )
- Okayama Astrophysical Observatory at Mount Chikurinji, Okayama.
- 188cm telescope, 91cm telescope, 65cm Coude-Type solar telescope )
- VERA 20m radio telescopes
- Hawaii Observatory on the island of Hawaii)