National Transportation Safety Board

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U.S. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)
US-NTSB-Seal.svg
Official seal and emblem
Agency overview
FormedApril 1, 1967[1]
Preceding agency
JurisdictionFederal government of the United States
Headquarters490 L'Enfant Plaza SW, Washington, D.C.
Employees~400 (2014)
Annual budget>US$106 million (2013)
Agency executives
Websitewww.ntsb.gov
NTSB headquarters

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation. Upon request, the NTSB may assist the military and foreign governments with accident investigations. The agency is headquartered in Washington D.C.[2]

Jurisdiction over investigations[change | change source]

Aviation
The NTSB has primary authority to investigate every civil aviation accident in the United States; the agency is also authorized to conduct investigations involving both civilian and military aircraft "with the participation of appropriate military authorities".[3] For certain accidents, due to resource limitations, the Board will ask the FAA to collect the factual information at the scene of the accident; the NTSB bases its report on that information.
Surface Transportation
The NTSB has the authority to investigate all highway accidents and incidents, including incidents at railway grade crossings, "in cooperation with a State".[4] The NTSB has primary jurisdiction over railway accidents and incidents which result in death or significant property damage, or which involve a passenger train.[4]
Marine
For marine investigations, jurisdiction into investigations is divided between the NTSB and the U.S. Coast Guard.[4] The division of investigative jurisdiction and responsibilities is prescribed in a detailed Memorandum of Understanding between the two agencies.
Pipeline
The NTSB has primary jurisdiction over pipeline incidents which involve "a fatality, substantial property damage, or significant injury to the environment".[4]
Assistance to criminal investigations
The NTSB has primary jurisdiction over civil transportation investigations, but not criminal investigations. If the Attorney General declares the case to be linked to a criminal act, the NTSB must relinquish control of the investigation to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[4] The NTSB may still provide technical support to the FBI in such investigations. In two high-profile examples, the NTSB sent aviation accident investigators with knowledge of aircraft structures and flight recorders to assist the FBI's criminal investigation into the murder-suicide of Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771 in 1987, and the September 11, 2001 attacks fourteen years later.[5]
Assistance to other domestic agencies
In addition to assisting the Department of Justice in criminal investigations, the NTSB has also assisted the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in its investigations of both the Challenger and the Columbia Space Shuttle disasters. The NTSB also provides assistance on request to the U.S. military in its investigation of military incidents within the realm of the NTSB's expertise, such as the crash of an Air Force transport plane in former Yugoslavia that took the lives of more than 30 Americans, including Commerce Secretary Ron Brown.

Current board members[change | change source]

Name Position Appointed by Sworn in Term expires
Jennifer Homendy Chairwoman Donald Trump August 20, 2018 December 31, 2024
Bruce Landsberg Vice Chairman Donald Trump August 7, 2018 December 31, 2022
Michael Graham Board Member Donald Trump January 3, 2020 December 31, 2025
Thomas B. Chapman Board Member Donald Trump January 6, 2020 December 31, 2023
Vacant[6] Board Member December 31, 2021

The US President Joe Biden has nominated board member Jennifer Homendy to serve as the next Senate-confirmed chair.

References[change | change source]

  1. "We Are All Safer: Lessons Learned and Lives Saved 1975–2005. 3rd ed. Safety Report NTSB/SR-05/01" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  2. Office of the Chief Records Officer (December 19, 2014). "Records Management Oversight Inspection Report 2014" (PDF). National Archives and Records Administration. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  3. 49 U.S.C. § 1132
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Cite error: The named reference 49 USC 1131 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  5. "NTSB Providing Technical Assistance to FBI Investigation" (Press release). National Transportation Safety Board. September 13, 2001. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
  6. "NTSB Chairman Robert Sumwalt Retires". 8 June 2021. Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.