Nettie Maria Stevens
July 7, 1861
Cavendish, Vermont, United States
|Died||May 4, 1912 (aged 50)|
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
|Cause of death||Breast cancer|
|Alma mater||Westfield Normal School|
Bryn Mawr College
|Known for||XY sex-determination system|
|Institutions||Bryn Mawr College, Carnegie Institution of Washington|
|Thesis||Further studies on the ciliate Infusoria, Licnophora and Boveria (1903)|
|Doctoral advisor||Thomas Hunt Morgan|
|Doctoral students||Alice Middleton Boring|
|Influences||Edmund Beecher Wilson|
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Stevens eventually became fully qualified. She received a PhD in cytology, with Thomas Hunt Morgan as her advisor. She died from cancer. She had worked at Bryn Mawr College, Naples Zoological Station and the University of Würtzburg during her short career.
One paper, written in 1905, won Stevens an award of $1,000 for the best scientific paper written by a woman. Her major sex determination work was published by the Carnegie Institution of Washington in the two part monograph, Studies in Spermatogenesis.
References[change | change source]
- "Nettie Stevens | American biologist and geneticist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
- Brush, Stephen G. (1978). "Nettie M. Stevens and the discovery of sex determination by chromosomes". Isis. 69 (2): 162–172. doi:10.1086/352001. JSTOR 230427. PMID 389882.
- N.M. Stevens 1905. A study of the germ cells of Aphis rosae and Aphis oenotherae. Journal of Experimental Zoology 2 (3):313–334.
- N.M. Stevens 1905. Studies in Spermatogenesis, with especial reference to the 'accessory chromosome'. Washington DC, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publication 36. N.M. Stevens 1906. Studies in Spermatogenesis Part II. A comparative study of heterochromosomes in certain species of Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Lepidoptera with especial reference to sex determination. Washington D.C. Carnegie Institution of Washington: Publication 36, Part II, 1906.