From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Neuroplasticity, also known as neural plasticity, or brain plasticity, is the ability of connections in the brain to change through growth and reorganization.

Neuroplasticity was once thought by scientists who study the brain to exist only during childhood,[1][2] but research in the latter half of the 20th century showed that many aspects of the brain can be altered (or are "plastic") even through adulthood.[3] However, the developing brain exhibits a higher degree of plasticity than the adult brain.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Leuner B, Gould E (January 2010). "Structural plasticity and hippocampal function". Annual Review of Psychology. 61 (1): 111–140. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100359. PMC 3012424. PMID 19575621.
  2. Kusiak AN, Selzer ME (2013). "Neuroplasticity in the spinal cord". In Barnes MP, Good DC (eds.). Neurological Rehabilitation (3rd ed.). China: Elsevier Inc. Chapters. ISBN 978-0-12-807792-4. Archived from the original on 13 July 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  3. Livingston RB (1966). "Brain mechanisms in conditioning and learning" (PDF). Neurosciences Research Program Bulletin. 4 (3): 349–354.
  4. Hensch TK, Bilimoria PM (July 2012). "Re-opening Windows: Manipulating Critical Periods for Brain Development". Cerebrum. 2012: 11. PMC 3574806. PMID 23447797.