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State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Flag Seal
Silver State (official);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Motto(s): All for Our Country
State song(s): "Home Means Nevada"
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official languageNone
CapitalCarson City
Largest cityLas Vegas
Largest metroLas Vegas Valley
AreaRanked 7th
 • Total110,577 sq mi
(286,382 km2)
 • Width322 miles (519 km)
 • Length492 miles (787 km)
 • % water0.72
 • Latitude35° N to 42° N
 • Longitude114° 2′ W to 120° W
PopulationRanked 33rd
 • Total3,060,150 (2018 est.)[1]
 • Density26.8/sq mi  (10.3/km2)
Ranked 42nd
 • Median household income$55,431 [2] (34th)
 • Highest pointBoundary Peak[3][4][5][a]
13,147 ft (4007.1 m)
 • Mean5,500 ft  (1680 m)
 • Lowest pointColorado River at California border[4][5]
481 ft (147 m)
Before statehoodNevada Territory, Utah Territory, New Mexico Territory
Admission to UnionOctober 31, 1864 (36th)
GovernorSteve Sisolak (D)
Lieutenant GovernorKate Marshall (D)
LegislatureNevada Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. SenatorsCatherine Cortez Masto (D)
Jacky Rosen (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Susie Lee (D)
4: Steven Horsford (D) (list)
Time zones 
 • statePacific: UTC −8/−7
 • West WendoverMountain: UTC −7/−6
AbbreviationsNV, Nev.
Nevada state symbols
Flag of Nevada.svg
Seal of Nevada.svg
Living insignia
BirdMountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
FishLahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi)
FlowerSagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)
MammalDesert bighorn sheep
ReptileDesert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
TreeBristlecone pine (Pinus monophylla)
Inanimate insignia
State route marker
Nevada state route marker
State quarter
Nevada quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Nevada is one of the United States' states. Its capital is Carson City. Other big cities are Las Vegas and Reno.

History[change | change source]

Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. The Mexican Empire turned into the Mexican Republic in 1823, along with Nevada.

The Mexican-American Conflict[change | change source]

Fighting between the United States and Mexico started. They fought over what was to become the Southwestern United States and who could own this land. This was called the Mexican-American War. The war ended in an American victory in 1848. Nevada later became an American territory in 1861. It was called the "Nevada Territory". This was not all of Nevada as it is today. The eastern part of Nevada was part of "Utah Territory" and the southern part was part of "New Mexico". In 1859 in the Comstock Lode, gold and silver were first discovered. This started a huge growth in mining in the state which Nevada is known for.

Gaining statehood[change | change source]

On October 31, 1864, now celebrated as "Nevada Day", Nevada was made the 36th state in the United States. It was given the distinct shape resembling a rectangle with a triangle. It was named Nevada meaning "snowy land" in Spanish, because it was snowy in the North. Later, on May 5, 1866, Nevada got its current borders because the Pah-Ute County in Arizona was taken as part of Nevada. It is now Clark County, Nevada. It was also agreed upon that the western part of Utah would become Eastern Nevada.

Economy[change | change source]

Tourism is very important to the economy of Nevada.[6] Many people visit Las Vegas, which has many casinos and resorts. There is not as much farming as there is in some other states, because Nevada is so dry. However, mining is big in Nevada. More gold is mined in Nevada than in any other state.[7]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Nevada: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  3. "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. "Economy of Nevada State". EconomyWatch.
  7.[dead link]
  1. The distinction of highest point in Nevada goes to the summit of Boundary Peak, so named because it is very near the Nevada-California border, at the northern terminus of the White Mountains. However, Boundary Peak can be considered a subsidiary summit of Montgomery Peak, whose summit is in California, since the topographic prominence of Boundary Peak is only 253 feet (77 m), which falls under the often used 300-foot (91 m) cutoff for an independent peak. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile (1.6 km) away from its higher neighbor. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being wholly within Nevada. By contrast, the prominence of Wheeler Peak, 13,063 feet (3,982 m), is quite large and in fact it is the twelfth largest in the contiguous United States. Wheeler Peak is the highest point in a radius of more than 200 square miles (520 km2) and is entirely within the state of Nevada.

Other websites[change | change source]