Nevada

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Nevada
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodNevada Territory, Utah Territory, New Mexico Territory
Admitted to the UnionOctober 31, 1864 (36th)
Largest cityLas Vegas
Largest metroLas Vegas Valley
Government
 • GovernorSteve Sisolak (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorKate Marshall (D)
LegislatureNevada Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. senatorsCatherine Cortez Masto (D)
Jacky Rosen (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Susie Lee (D)
4: Steven Horsford (D) (list)
Population
 • Total3,060,150 (2,018 est.)[1]
 • Density26.8/sq mi (10.3/km2)
 • Median household income
$55,431 [2]
 • Income rank
34th
Language
 • Official languageNone
Trad. abbreviationNev.
Latitude35° N to 42° N
Longitude114° 2′ W to 120° W
Nevada state symbols
Flag of Nevada.svg
Seal of Nevada.svg
Living insignia
BirdMountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
FishLahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi)
FlowerSagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)
MammalDesert bighorn sheep
ReptileDesert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
TreeBristlecone pine (Pinus monophylla)
Inanimate insignia
MineralSilver
RockSandstone
State route marker
Nevada state route marker
State quarter
Nevada quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Nevada is one of the United States' states. Its capital is Carson City. Other big cities are Las Vegas and Reno.

History[change | change source]

Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. The Mexican Empire turned into the Mexican Republic in 1823, along with Nevada.

The Mexican-American Conflict[change | change source]

Fighting between the United States and Mexico started. They fought over what was to become the Southwestern United States and who could own this land. This was called the Mexican-American War. The war ended in an American victory in 1848. Nevada later became an American territory in 1861. It was called the "Nevada Territory". This was not all of Nevada as it is today. The eastern part of Nevada was part of "Utah Territory" and the southern part was part of "New Mexico". In 1859 in the Comstock Lode, gold and silver were first discovered. This started a huge growth in mining in the state which Nevada is known for.

Gaining statehood[change | change source]

On October 31, 1864, now celebrated as "Nevada Day", Nevada was made the 36th state in the United States. It was given the distinct shape resembling a rectangle with a triangle. It was named Nevada meaning "snowy land" in Spanish, because it was snowy in the North. Later, on May 5, 1866, Nevada got its current borders because the Pah-Ute County in Arizona was taken as part of Nevada. It is now Clark County, Nevada. It was also agreed upon that the western part of Utah would become Eastern Nevada.

Economy[change | change source]

Tourism is very important to the economy of Nevada.[3] Many people visit Las Vegas, which has many casinos and resorts. There is not as much farming as there is in some other states, because Nevada is so dry. However, mining is big in Nevada. More gold is mined in Nevada than in any other state.[4]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Nevada: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  3. "Economy of Nevada State". EconomyWatch.
  4. http://www.mii.org/Minerals/photogold.html[dead link]

Other websites[change | change source]