New Democratic Party
|National Director||Melissa Bruno|
|Deputy Leader||Alexandre Boulerice |
|Founded||3 August 1961|
|Youth wing||New Democratic Youth of Canada|
|Political position||Centre-left to left-wing|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the House of Commons|
|English language: www|
French language: www
The New Democratic Party (NDP) is a social democratic political party in Canada. It was formed in 1961 when the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation merged with the Canadian Labour Congress. In Canadian politics, the NDP is to the left of the Liberal Party.
Wings of the NDP have formed governments in several provinces. It forms the current government in British Columbia. In the 2011 federal elections it won 98 out of 308 seats in the House of Commons.
The current party leader is Jagmeet Singh. He became the leader in October 2017.
Provincial and territorial parties[change | change source]
The NDP is not like other Canadian political parties. All the provincial and territorial parties are a direct part of the national/federal NDP. This means that if someone is a member of a provincial NDP party, they are automatically a member of the federal NDP.
This is not the case in the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Quebec. This is because both the governments of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are consensus governments. Because of this, those governments don't have political parties. The NDP are represented by their groups in charge of the ridings in those territories (both Nunavut and the Northwest Territories each have one riding). In Quebec in 1989, the provincial NDP and the federal NDP decided to separate. This is because the Quebec NDP wanted Quebec to leave Canada. In 2014, the Quebec NDP restarted but it is not related to the federal NDP.
|Party||Seats / Total||Role in legislature||Last election||Leader|
|Alberta New Democratic Party||
24 / 87
|Official Opposition||2019||Rachel Notley|
|British Columbia New Democratic Party||
41 / 87
|Government (minority)||2017||John Horgan|
|New Democratic Party of Manitoba||
13 / 57
|Official Opposition||2016||Wab Kinew|
|New Brunswick New Democratic Party||
0 / 55
|No presence||2018||Jennifer McKenzie|
|New Democratic Party of
Newfoundland and Labrador
3 / 40
|Third party||2019||Alison Coffin|
|Nova Scotia New Democratic Party||
7 / 51
|Third party||2017||Gary Burrill|
|Ontario New Democratic Party||
40 / 124
|Official Opposition||2018||Andrea Horwath|
|New Democratic Party of Quebec||
0 / 125
|No presence||2018||Raphaël Fortin|
|New Democratic Party of Prince Edward Island||
0 / 27
|No presence||2019||Joe Byrne|
|Saskatchewan New Democratic Party||
12 / 61
|Official Opposition||2016||Ryan Meili|
|Yukon New Democratic Party||
2 / 19
|Third party||2016||Elizabeth Hanson|
References[change | change source]
- Neville, William (3 August 1961). "Douglas Leads New Party, 'Democratic' Tag in Name". The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver. UPI. p. 1. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Éric Grenier (29 August 2017). "NDP triples its membership to 124,000 in run-up to party's leadership vote". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
- William Cross (September 2012). "The Canadian New Democratic Party: A New Big Player in Canadian Politics?" (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Jessica Murphy (26 September 2017). "Who will Canada's New Democrats pick to take on Trudeau?". BBC News. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Gerard Di Trolio (4 June 2018). "The NDP Claws Its Way Back". Jacobin. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- David McGrane (2018). "Electoral competition in Canada among the centre-left parties: liberal versus social democrats". In Rob Manwaring; Paul Kennedy (eds.). Why the Left Loses: The Decline of the Centre-Left in Comparative Perspective. Policy Press. pp. 39–52. ISBN 978-1-4473-3266-4.
- "Canada's New Democrats elect Jagmeet Singh as party leader". BBC News. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- How Canada's politics are different to Australia's. ABC. Author - Annabelle Quince. Published 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Death of Jack Layton Weakens Canada’s Political Opposition. The New York Times. Author - Ian Austen. Published 22 August 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2019
- Andrea Olive (2015). The Canadian Environment in Political Context. University of Toronto Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-4426-0871-9.
- "Parties & Organisations of the Progressive Alliance". progressive-alliance.info. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- "Calgary NDP's celebrate official opposition". 3 May 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "Nouveau Parti démocratique du Québec". Élections Québec. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Yoon, Jennifer (12 September 2018). "New Democratic Party of Quebec returns as an option for progressive federalists". CBC News. Retrieved 13 June 2019.