New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland, Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a colony of the Dutch Empire from 1614 through 1664 and from 1673 through 1674. It was a base for the fur trade. The capital was New Amsterdam, modern-day New York City. The other important trading post in New Netherland was Fort Orange, now called Albany, New York. Most settlers lived in these towns or between them, along the Hudson River but some lived in distant parts of the colony.
New Netherland was between English colonies which the English wanted to connect together. During the Anglo-Dutch Wars England sent warships to conquer New Netherland. The Dutch colonists surrendered because they were afraid the English Royal Navy would destroy their town. The Dutch traded the town to England for the colony of Surinam in South America, which they thought was worth more money. The English divided their new colony to make the English colonies of New York and New Jersey. They also gave parts of it to Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland.
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