Newcastle, New South Wales

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Newcastle
New South Wales
Newcastle view.jpg
Central Newcastle in 2007, viewed from Stockton, across the harbour.
Newcastle is located in New South Wales
Newcastle
Newcastle
The location of Newcastle in New South Wales
Coordinates32°55′S 151°45′E / 32.917°S 151.750°E / -32.917; 151.750Coordinates: 32°55′S 151°45′E / 32.917°S 151.750°E / -32.917; 151.750
Population322,278 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,233/km2 (3,190/sq mi)
Established1804
Elevation9 m (30 ft)
Area261.8 km2 (101.1 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location162 km (101 mi) NNE of Sydney
RegionHunter
CountyNorthumberland
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Mean max temp[2] Mean min temp[2] Annual rainfall[2]
21.8 °C
71 °F
14.3 °C
58 °F
1,123.0 mm
44.2 in

Newcastle is a city in New South Wales, Australia. It is also the second oldest city in Australia. Newcastle is 160km north of Sydney, and is the largest coal-harbour in the world. 500,000 people live in Newcastle making it second largest city in New South Wales. Newcastle was started in 1804 by Lieutenant Charles Menzies and was for convicts who mined the coal. It is named Newcastle after the English coal harbour of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Newcastle has lots of things to do such as restaurants and food.

Climate[change | change source]

Newcastle has a humid subtropical climate with warm humid summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall throughout the year. Newcastle is the windiest city in Australia, with an average 3pm windspeed of 31.4 km/h (19.5 mph), annually.[3]

Climate data for Newcastle (Nobbys Signal Station AWS), New South Wales, Australia (1991–2020 normals, 1862–present extremes); 33 m AMSL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.5
(108.5)
40.9
(105.6)
39.0
(102.2)
36.8
(98.2)
28.5
(83.3)
26.1
(79.0)
26.3
(79.3)
29.9
(85.8)
34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
41.0
(105.8)
42.0
(107.6)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
23.3
(73.9)
20.7
(69.3)
18.3
(64.9)
17.8
(64.0)
19.0
(66.2)
21.1
(70.0)
22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.7
(76.5)
22.2
(72.0)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.1
(68.2)
18.8
(65.8)
15.9
(60.6)
12.7
(54.9)
10.6
(51.1)
9.4
(48.9)
10.1
(50.2)
12.6
(54.7)
15.0
(59.0)
16.8
(62.2)
18.7
(65.7)
15.1
(59.1)
Record low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
10.3
(50.5)
11.1
(52.0)
7.4
(45.3)
4.7
(40.5)
3.0
(37.4)
1.8
(35.2)
3.3
(37.9)
5.0
(41.0)
6.5
(43.7)
7.2
(45.0)
11.0
(51.8)
1.8
(35.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70.2
(2.76)
109.7
(4.32)
113.5
(4.47)
109.0
(4.29)
116.4
(4.58)
125.2
(4.93)
69.1
(2.72)
49.4
(1.94)
56.9
(2.24)
62.0
(2.44)
79.3
(3.12)
67.9
(2.67)
1,028.6
(40.48)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.1 7.9 8.9 8.2 8.9 9.0 7.6 5.4 6.3 6.9 8.3 7.7 92.2
Source 1: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (temperature, precipitation, humidity- 1991–2020 normals)[4]
Source 2: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (temperature- extremes 1862–present)[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Newcastle (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 November 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS, NSW Climate (extremes 1862–present)". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  4. "Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS, NSW Climate (1991–present normals)". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 4 May 2022.