Non-Aligned Movement

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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Map of the world indicating members and observers of the Non-Aligned Movement
     Member countries     Observer countries
Coordinating Bureau New York City, New York, U.S.
Membership[1]
  • 125 members
  • 13 observers
Leaders
 -  Principal decision-
making organ
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries[2]
 -  Secretary-General Nicolás Maduro
Establishment 1961 in Belgrade
as the Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries
Website
csstc.org

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned (friends) with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2017, the movement had 125 members and 13 observer countries.[3]

The group was started in Belgrade in 1961. It was created by Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders believed that developing countries should not help either the Western or Eastern blocs in the Cold War. They also believed that developing countries should not be capitalist or communist, but should try to find a different way to help their people.

The Havana Declaration of 1979 said that the purpose of the organization is to help countries keep their "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics."[4] This means that they wanted to govern their countries without the capitalist or communist countries telling them how.

The countries of the non-aligned movement are nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population.

Secretaries-General[change | change source]

Between summits, the Non-Aligned Movement is run by the secretary-general elected at last summit meeting. As a considerable part of the movement's work is undertaken at the United Nations in New York, the chair country's ambassador to the UN is expected to devote time and effort to matters concerning the Non-Aligned Movement. The Coordinating Bureau, also based at the UN, is the main instrument for directing the work of the movement's task forces, committees and working groups.

Secretaries-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
Name Country Party From To
Josip Broz Tito  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1961 1964
Gamal Abdel Nasser  United Arab Republic Arab Socialist Union 1964 1970
Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia United National Independence Party 1970 1973
Houari Boumediène  Algeria Revolutionary Council 1973 1976
William Gopallawa  Sri Lanka Independent 1976 1978
Junius Richard Jayewardene United National Party 1978 1979
Fidel Castro  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 1979 1983
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy  India Janata Party 1983
Zail Singh Congress Party 1983 1986
Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe ZANU-PF 1986 1989
Janez Drnovšek  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1989 1990
Borisav Jović Socialist Party of Serbia 1990 1991
Stjepan (Stipe) Mesić Croatian Democratic Union 1991
Branko Kostić Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 1991 1992
Dobrica Ćosić[source?] Independent 1992
Suharto  Indonesia Partai Golongan Karya 1992 1995
Ernesto Samper  Colombia Colombian Liberal Party 1995 1998
Andrés Pastrana Arango Colombian Conservative Party 1998
Nelson Mandela  South Africa African National Congress 1998 1999
Thabo Mbeki 1999 2003
Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia United Malays National Organisation 2003
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 2003 2006
Fidel Castro[5]  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2006 2008
Raúl Castro 2008 2009
Hosni Mubarak  Egypt National Democratic Party 2009 2011
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Independent 2011 2012
Mohamed Morsi Freedom and Justice Party 2012
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  Iran Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran 2012 2013
Hassan Rouhani Combatant Clergy Association 2013 2016
Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela 2016 present

Members[change | change source]

Full Members[change | change source]

Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2017). Light blue states have observer status.
  1.  Afghanistan
  2.  Algeria
  3.  Angola
  4.  Antigua and Barbuda
  5.  Azerbaijan
  6.  Bahamas
  7.  Bahrain
  8.  Bangladesh
  9.  Barbados
  10.  Belarus
  11.  Belize
  12.  Benin
  13.  Bhutan
  14.  Bolivia
  15.  Botswana
  16.  Brazil
  17.  Brunei Darussalam
  18.  Burkina Faso
  19.  Burundi
  20.  Cape Verde
  21.  Cambodia
  22.  Cameroon
  23.  Central African Republic
  24.  Chad
  25.  Chile
  26.  Colombia
  27.  Comoros
  28.  Congo
  29.  Cuba
  30.  Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  31.  Democratic Republic of the Congo
  32.  Djibouti
  33.  Dominica
  34.  Dominican Republic
  35.  Ecuador
  36.  Egypt
  37.  Equatorial Guinea
  38.  Eritrea
  39.  Ethiopia
  40.  Fiji
  41.  Gabon
  42.  Gambia
  43.  Ghana
  44.  Grenada
  45.  Guatemala
  46.  Guinea
  47.  Guinea-Bissau
  48.  Guyana
  49.  Haiti
  50.  Honduras
  51.  India
  52.  Indonesia
  53.  Iran
  54.  Iraq
  55.  Ivory Coast
  56.  Jamaica
  57.  Jordan
  58.  Kazakhstan
  59.  Kenya
  60.  Kuwait
  61.  Kyrgyzstan
  62.  Laos
  63.  Lebanon
  64.  Lesotho
  65.  Liberia
  66.  Libya
  67.  Madagascar
  68.  Malawi
  69.  Malaysia
  70.  Maldives
  71.  Mali
  72.  Mauritania
  73.  Mauritius
  74.  Mongolia
  75.  Morocco
  76.  Mozambique
  77.  Myanmar
  78.  Namibia
  79.  Nepal
  80.  Nicaragua
  81.  Niger
  82.  Nigeria
  83.  Oman
  84.  Pakistan
  85.  Palestine
  86.  Panama
  87.  Papua New Guinea
  88.  Peru
  89.  Philippines
  90.  Qatar
  91.  Rwanda
  92.  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  93.  Saint Lucia
  94.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  95.  São Tomé and Príncipe
  96.  Saudi Arabia
  97.  Senegal
  98.  Seychelles
  99.  Sierra Leone
  100.  Singapore
  101.  Somalia
  102.  South Africa
  103.  South Sudan
  104.  Sri Lanka
  105.  Sudan
  106.  Suriname
  107.  Swaziland
  108.  Syria
  109.  Tajikistan
  110.  Tanzania
  111.  Thailand
  112.  Timor-Leste
  113.  Togo
  114.  Trinidad and Tobago
  115.  Tunisia
  116.  Turkmenistan
  117.  Uganda
  118.  United Arab Emirates
  119.  Uzbekistan
  120.  Vanuatu
  121.  Venezuela
  122.  Vietnam
  123.  Yemen
  124.  Zambia
  125.  Zimbabwe

Former members[change | change source]

[6][7]

  1.  Cyprus
  2.  Malta [8]

Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag[9][10]

  1.  Ukraine (dropped observer status)

[11]

Observers[change | change source]

The following countries and organizations have observer status:[12]

  1.  Armenia
  2.  Argentina
  3.  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  4.  China
  5.  Costa Rica
  6.  El Salvador
  7.  Macedonia
  8.  Mexico
  9.  Montenegro
  10.  Paraguay
  11.  Serbia
  12.  United Kingdom
  13.  Uruguay


References[change | change source]

  1. "NAM Members & Observers". 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, Tehran, 26–31 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  2. "The Non-Aligned Movement: Background Information". Government of Zaire. 21 September 2001. http://www.nam.gov.za/background/background.htm. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  3. http://www.namegypt.org/en/AboutName/MembersObserversAndGuests/Pages/default.aspx
  4. Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement 12 October 1979; Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement, Board of Investment - Government of Pakistan, 2003
  5. Fidel Castro, having recently undergone gastric surgery, was unable to attend the conference and was represented by his younger brother, Cuba's acting president Raúl Castro. See "Castro elected President of Non-Aligned Movement Nations", People's Daily, 16-09-2006.
  6. http://prensa.cancilleria.gov.ar/noticia.php?id=13561259
  7. Serrat, Oscar J. (20 September 1991). "Argentina Withdraws from Non-Aligned Movement". Associated Press. http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1991/Argentina-Withdraws-from-Non-Aligned-Movement/id-dad8e554dd531634d2553b6120a48287. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  8. "Cyprus and the Non – Aligned Movement". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Cyprus. http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/mfa2006.nsf/0/11E2EC1C0EE098C6C225727C002A04A8?OpenDocument. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  9. Final Document of the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement -(New Delhi Declaration)
  10. Kin, Lai Kwok (2 September 1992). "Yugoslavia Casts Shadow over Non-Aligned Summit". Reuters (via The Independent. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  11. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-30587924
  12. Member and Observer Countries, Non-Aligned Movement

Other websites[change | change source]