Nord-Vest (development region)

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Regiunea Nord Vest.svg
Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°35′E / 46.767°N 23.583°E / 46.767; 23.583Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°35′E / 46.767°N 23.583°E / 46.767; 23.583
Capital cityCluj-Napoca
 • Total34,159 km2 (13,189 sq mi)
 • Total2,579,545
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • Romanians75.0%
 • Hungarians19.3%
 • Roma3.5%
 • Ukrainians1.3%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
NUTS codeRO11
GDP per capita (PPS)€ 10,400 (2008)[1]

Nord-Vest (English: North West) is a development region in Romania. It was created in 1998. Its main function is to organise regional development projects and manage money sent from the European Union.

Counties[change | change source]

The Nord-Vest region is made up of these counties: 1123

County population 2011
Bihor 568,229
Bistriţa-Năsăud 301,425
Cluj 676,026
Maramureş 472,117
Satu Mare 336,117
Sălaj 225,631
Total 2,579,545

Source: [2]

Economy[change | change source]

The economy of Nord-Vest is mainly agricultural (46% of its population having agriculture as their main occupation), even though there is some heavy and light industry in the major regional industrial centres of Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Baia Mare, Bistriţa, Satu Mare and Zalau.

There are also several mining centres in Maramureş county and in the Apuseni Mountains. Many of these mining areas have been partly shut down, resulting in significant local unemployment, even though unemployment in the Nord-Vest region is at approximately 4%, below the Romanian national average of 5.5%. Many mining areas have been classified by the government as defavourised zones, with incentives given to investors who plan to create jobs in these areas and diversify the economy.

The region's GDP per capita is slightly below the Romanian average (approximately 90% of the Romanian average), despite the fact that the major cities – Cluj-Napoca and Oradea – are some of the most prosperous in Romania.

Infrastructure[change | change source]

The region is crossed by five European roads – E60, E81, E79, E671 and E58. Additionally, the A3 freeway is currently in construction and will cross Cluj, Sălaj and Bihor counties in the region. Nord-Vest also it has an extensive railway infrastructure connecting most of the important towns.

The region has four airports – Cluj-Napoca, Oradea, Satu Mare and Baia Mare. Currently, Cluj-Napoca, Oradea and Baia Mare airports have international flights, while Satu Mare airport only handles domestic flights.

Demographics[change | change source]

Romania's Nord-Vest development region has a total population of 2,579,545 (2011 Census). In 2002, the region was one of the most ethnically-diverse in Romania, with 25% of the population coming from a minority group. After Romanians, who make up 75% of the population, the largest minority group are Hungarians, who comprise slightly less than 20% of the population. This is mainly due to area's history as part of Austria-Hungary. Hungarians are mainly concentrated in urban centres, especially those near the Hungarian border, such as Oradea and Satu Mare. The third largest minority are Roma people, who make up 3.5%, slightly above the national average. Roma people are spread relatively evenly throughout the region, even though the highest proportions are in Bihor county, where approximately 5% of the population is Roma.

Romanian is the most widely spoken language, spoken as a main language by 76.6% of the inhabitants of the region. The other important languages is Hungarian, spoken by 19.9% of the population as a main language. Religion is mainly based on ethnic groups, with the largest religion being Romanian Orthodoxy, observed by 68.38% of the population, mostly ethnic Romanians. Other important religions are the Reformed Church (12.70%), Roman Catholicism (6.86%) and Greek Catholicism (4.20%).

Citizenship[change | change source]

99.9% of the population of Nord-Vest region has Romanian citizenship. There are 2,343 residents, or 0.09% of the population, of foreign citizenship, including:

  • Moldovan citizenship: 621
  • Italian citizenship: 298
  • Ukrainian citizenship: 156

2,687 people, or 0.10% of the population, has dual citizenship.

References[change | change source]

  1. "GDP per inhabitant in 2008" (PDF). Eurostat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2011-11-11.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2011-11-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)