North American P-51 Mustang
|P-51D of 375th Fighter Squadron, with underwing drop tanks.|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||North American Aviation|
|First flight||26 October 1940|
|Introduction||January 1942 (RAF)|
|Status||Retired from military service 1984 (Dominican Air Force)|
|Primary users||United States Army Air Forces
Royal Air Force
Chinese Nationalist Air Force
numerous others (see below)
|Number built||More than 15,000|
|Unit cost||US$50,985 in 1945|
|Variants||North American A-36 Apache
Rolls-Royce Mustang Mk.X
|Developed into||North American F-82 Twin Mustang
Piper PA-48 Enforcer
The P-51 Mustang was an American fighter made by North American Aviation during World War II. Later versions escorted American bombers over Europe and Japan. There were 5 versions of the Mustang built, called the P-51A, P-51B, P-51C, P-51D, and the P-51H. To provide more power at high altitude, the B, C, D, and H versions had a Packard-built version of the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine instead of the Allison engine used in the P-51A. The Packard Merlin engine featured a more advanced supercharger, allowing much better performance above 15,000 feet when compared to the Allison. The P-51D version had a "bubble" canopy, or one unobstructed by metal supports. After World War II, it was used in the Korean War as a dive bomber and was used by many Central American air forces until the 1970s. Today, P-51 Mustangs are often used in air races.
References[change | change source]
- "Mustang Aces of the Ninth & Fifteenth Air Forces & the RAF".
- Hickman. Kennedy. "World War II: North American P-51 Mustang". Archived 1 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. About.com. Retrieved: 19 June 2014
- "North American P-51D Mustang" Archived 22 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. National Museum of the United States Air Force, 2 April 2011. Retrieved: 22 October 2016.