Northern Province, Sri Lanka

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Northern Province

வட மாகாணம்
උතුරු පළාත
Sunset over a lagoon
Sunset over a lagoon
Flag of Northern Province
Flag
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
Districts of the Northern Province
Districts of the Northern Province
CountrySri Lanka
Created1 October 1833
Provincial council14 November 1987
CapitalJaffna
Largest CityVavuniya
Districts
Government
 • TypeProvincial council
 • BodyNorthern Provincial Council
 • GovernorMaj Gen G. A. Chandrasiri
 • Chief MinisterC. V. Vigneswaran
 • MPs
Area
 • Total8,884 km2 (3,430 sq mi)
 • Land8,290 km2 (3,200 sq mi)
Area rank3rd (13.54% of total area)
Population
(2012 census)[2]
 • Total1,058,762
 • Rank9th (5.22% of total pop.)
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
Post Codes
40000-45999
Telephone Codes021, 023, 024
ISO 3166 codeLK-4
Vehicle registrationNP
Official languagesTamil, Sinhala
FlowerKaanthal
TreeMaruthu
BirdSeven sisters
AnimalMale deer
WebsiteNorthern Provincial Council

The Northern Province (Tamil: வட மாகாணம் Vaṭakku Mākāṇam; Sinhala: උතුරු පළාත Uturu Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The Sri Lankan Civil War began in this province. It where most of the Tamil people in Sri Lanka live.[3]

Provinces in Sri Lanka were created in the 19th century. Provincial councils were created in 1987 by a change to the Constitution.[4][5] Between 1988 and 2006 the Northern Province and the Eastern Province were temporarily put together to make the North Eastern Province.

Districts[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Area of Sri Lanka by province and district" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  2. "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  3. "A trip to Sri Lanka's Tamil country". BBC News. 22 August 2009.
  4. "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
  5. "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka.

Other websites[change | change source]