Oakland Raiders

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Oakland Raiders
Current season
Established 1960
Play in RingCentral Coliseum
Oakland, California
Headquartered in Alameda, California
League/conference affiliations

American Football League (1960–1969)

  • Western Division (1960–1969)

National Football League (1970–present)

Current uniform
Team colorsSilver, Black          
Fight songThe Autumn Wind
MascotThe Black Hole
Personnel
Owner(s)Mark Davis (majority owner)[1][2]
CEOAmy Trask
General managerMike Maylock
Head coachJon Gruden
Team history
  • Oakland Raiders (1960–1981)
  • Los Angeles Raiders (1982–1994)
  • Oakland Raiders (1995–present)
Team nicknames
  • The Silver and Black
  • The Team of the Decades
  • The World's Team
  • America's Most Wanted
  • Championships
    League championships (3†)
    Conference championships (4)
    • AFC: 1976, 1980, 1983, 2002
    Division championships (15)
    • AFL West: 1967, 1968, 1969
    • AFC West: 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1983, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2002
    † - Does not include the AFL or NFL Championships won during the same seasons as the AFL-NFL Super Bowl Championships prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger
    Playoff appearances (21)
    • AFL: 1967, 1968, 1969
    • NFL: 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1990, 1991, 1993, 2000, 2001, 2002
    Home fields

    The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football team in the National Football League. They play in Oakland, California, USA. Their stadium is Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. They were created in 1960 as a new American Football League team. They play in the Western Division of the American Football Conference. Division rivals are Denver Broncos, Kansas City Chiefs, and Los Angeles Chargers. The Raiders have won three Super Bowls.

    Team history[change | change source]

    American Football League years (1960-1969)[change | change source]

    A few months after the AFL's first draft in 1959, owners of the Minneapolis new team (later known as the Minnesota Vikings) accepted the invitation to join the National Football League. Needing a replacement, the AFL tried to find one quickly.[3][4] Oakland was thought to be an unlikely city to have a professional American football team. The AFL owners picked Oakland after Los Angeles Chargers owner Barron Hilton threatened to drop his team unless a second team was placed on the West Coast.[5] The city of Oakland was awarded the eighth AFL team on January 30, 1960, and the team took over the Minneapolis club's draft picks. The new Oakland team was called the "Raiders", which is used as a synonym for a pirate. The team logo includes an illustration of a pirate.

    In the early years, the Raiders struggled. When Al Davis came in as head coach and general manager, the Raiders got better. Davis hired John Rauch and went to the their first AFL Championship against the Houston Oilers and won it 40-7. After winning their first AFL championship they earned a shot at Super Bowl II and lost to Green Bay Packers 33-14. The next two years, the Raiders again won Western Division titles, only to lose the AFL Championship to the eventual Super Bowl winners—the New York Jets (1968) and Kansas City Chiefs (1969).

    National Football League years (1970-present)[change | change source]

    After the 1969 season, the AFL decided to merge with the NFL. The Raiders join the American Football Conference as a Western Division member. John Madden was hired as head coach. Madden took the Raiders to their first Super Bowl win against Minnesota Vikings 32-14 in Super Bowl XI. Later, Madden left for a commentary career. The Raiders hired Tom Flores, the first Hispanic head coach in NFL history.[6] Flores took the Raiders for their second Super Bowl win against Philadelphia Eagles 27 10 in Super Bowl XV. The Raiders became the first wild card team to win a Super Bowl.[7]

    Los Angeles Raiders (1982-1995)[change | change source]

    Al Davis signed a note to make the Raiders move to Los Angeles. The Raiders won their third Super Bowl against the Washington Redskins.

    Oakland Raiders (1995-present)[change | change source]

    The Raiders move back to Oakland. Currently, the Raiders have struggle since 2003 season after losing to the Tampa Bay Buccanears in Super Bowl XXXVII.

    Season-by-season records[change | change source]

    Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties

    Season W L T Finish Playoff results
    Oakland Raiders (AFL)
    1960 6 8 0 3rd AFL West --
    1961 2 12 0 4th AFL West --
    1962 1 13 0 4th AFL West --
    1963 10 4 0 2nd AFL West --
    1964 5 7 2 3rd AFL West --
    1965 8 5 1 2nd AFL West --
    1966 8 5 1 2nd AFL West --
    1967 13 1 0 1st AFL West Won AFL Championship (Oilers) 40-7
    Lost Super Bowl II (Packers) 33-14
    1968 12 2 0 1st AFL West Won Western Division playoff (Chiefs) 41-6
    Lost AFL Championship (Jets) 27-23
    1969 12 1 1 1st AFL West Won Divisional Playoffs (Oilers) 56-7
    Lost AFL Championship (Chiefs) 17-7
    Merged into NFL
    1970 8 4 2 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Dolphins) 21-14
    Lost Conference Championship (B. Colts) 27-17
    1971 8 4 2 2nd AFC West --
    1972 10 3 1 1st AFC West Lost Divisional Playoffs (Steelers) 13-7
    1973 9 4 1 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Steelers) 33-14
    Lost Conference Championship (Dolphins) 27-10
    1974 12 2 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Dolphins) 28-26
    Lost Conference Championship (Steelers) 24-13
    1975 11 3 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Bengals) 31-28
    Lost Conference Championship (Steelers) 16-10
    1976 13 1 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Patriots) 24-21
    Won Conference Championship (Steelers) 24-7
    Won Super Bowl XI (Vikings) 32-14
    1977 11 3 0 2nd AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (B. Colts) 37-31
    Lost Conference Championship (Broncos) 20-17
    1978 9 7 0 4th AFC West --
    1979 9 7 0 3rd AFC West --
    1980 11 5 0 2nd AFC West Won Wild Card Playoffs (Oilers) 27-7
    Won Divisional Playoffs (Browns) 14-12
    Won Conference Championship (Chargers) 34-27
    Won Super Bowl XV (Eagles) 27-10
    1981 7 9 0 4th AFC West --
    Los Angeles Raiders
    1982 8 1 0 1st AFC Conf.+ Won First Round (Browns) 27-10
    Lost Second Round (Jets) 17-14
    1983 12 4 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Steelers) 38-10
    Won Conference Championship (Seahawks) 30-14
    Won Super Bowl XVIII (Redskins) 38-9
    1984 11 5 0 3rd AFC West Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Seahawks) 13-7
    1985 12 4 0 1st AFC West Lost Divisional Playoffs (Patriots) 27-20
    1986 8 8 0 4th AFC West --
    1987 5 10 0 4th AFC West --
    1988 7 9 0 3rd AFC West --
    1989 8 8 0 3rd AFC West --
    1990 12 4 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Bengals) 20-10
    Lost Conference Championship (Bills) 51-3
    1991 9 7 0 3rd AFC West Lost Wild Card Playoffs (Chiefs) 10-6
    1992 7 9 0 4th AFC West --
    1993 10 6 0 2nd AFC West Won Wild Card Playoffs (Broncos) 42-24
    Lost Divisional Playoffs (Bills) 29-23
    1994 9 7 0 2nd AFC West --
    Oakland Raiders
    1995 8 8 0 4th AFC West --
    1996 7 9 0 4th AFC West --
    1997 4 12 0 4th AFC West --
    1998 8 8 0 2nd AFC West --
    1999 8 8 0 4th AFC West --
    2000 12 4 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Dolphins) 27-0
    Lost Conference Championship (Ravens) 16-3
    2001 10 6 0 1st AFC West Won Wild Card Playoffs (Jets) 38-24
    Lost Divisional Playoffs (Patriots) 16-13
    2002 11 5 0 1st AFC West Won Divisional Playoffs (Jets) 30-10
    Won Conference Championship (Titans) 41-24
    Lost Super Bowl XXXVII (Buccaneers) 48-21
    2003 4 12 0 3rd AFC West --
    2004 5 11 0 4th AFC West --
    2005 4 12 0 4th AFC West --
    2006 2 14 0 4th AFC West --
    2007 4 10 0 4th AFC West --
    Totals 422 326 11 (1960-2006, including AFL & NFL playoffs)

    + = Due to a strike-shortened season in 1982, all teams were ranked by conference instead of division.

    Notes and References[change | change source]

    1. Tafur, Vittorio (October 9, 2011). "Davis family will retain ownership of Raiders". The San Francisco Chronicle. p. B-9. Archived from the original on October 9, 2011.
    2. "Davis family will keep ownership of Raiders, executive says". NFL.com.
    3. "Pro Football Hall of Fame - Oakland Raiders". Retrieved 2007-01-19.
    4. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, p. 7.
    5. Dickey, Just Win, Baby, pp. 7–8.
    6. Newhouse, Dave. ""1980 Raiders were outcasts, champions"". Retrieved 2007-01-25.
    7. Phillips, B.J. (1981-02-09). "The Wild Cards Run Wild". Time. Retrieved 2007-01-28. Check date values in: |date= (help)

    Other websites[change | change source]

    Preceded by
    Pittsburgh Steelers
    1974 and 1975
    Super Bowl Champions
    Oakland Raiders

    1976
    Succeeded by
    Dallas Cowboys
    1977
    Preceded by
    Pittsburgh Steelers
    1978 and 1979
    Super Bowl Champions
    Oakland Raiders

    1980
    Succeeded by
    San Francisco 49ers
    1981
    Preceded by
    Washington Redskins
    1982
    Super Bowl Champions
    Los Angeles Raiders

    1983
    Succeeded by
    San Francisco 49ers
    1984