History[change | change source]
In 1940, municipalities were created for groups and single isolated islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government was made responsible for local government on the islands, including
- Ōmura (大村) on Chichijima (父島列島, Chichijima rettō)
- Ōgimura-Fukurosawa (扇村袋沢村) on Chichijima
- Kitamura (北村) on Hahajima (母島列島, Hahajima rettō)
- Okimura (沖村) on Hahajima
- Iōtōmura (硫黄島村) on Iwo Jima, including the Volcano Islands (火山列島, Kazan-rettō)
The local government structure of the post-war occupation of these islands is still used today.
Geography[change | change source]
The islands of the village include
- Bonin Islands (小笠原群島, Ogasawara Guntō) 73.00 km²
- Nishinoshima (西之島, literally, "Western Island") 0.29 km²
- Volcano Islands 29.71 km²
- Okinotorishima (沖ノ鳥島 or 沖鳥島, literally, "Remote Bird Island") 0.01 km²
- Minamitorishima (南鳥島, literally, "Southern Bird Island") 1.40 km²
References[change | change source]
- McCormack, Gavan. "Dilemmas of Development on The Ogasawara Islands," JPRI Occasional Paper, No. 15 (August 1999). Japan Policy Research Institute (University of San Francisco); retrieved 2013-2-27.
- Freeman, Otis W. (1951). Geography of the Pacific, pp. 229-235.
- Yong Hong, Seoung. (2009). Maritime Boundary Disputes, Settlement Processes, and the Law of the Sea, p. 148; Onishi, Norimitsu. "Japan and China Dispute a Pacific Islet," New York Times. July 10, 2005; retrieved 2013-2-27.
- "Japan hopes to build lighthouse on atoll disputed with China," Xinhua (China). August 5, 2005; retrieved 2013-2-27.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Ogasawara, Tokyo at Wikimedia Commons