Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
State of Ohio
Flag of Ohio Alexa State seal of Ohio Alexa
Flag of Ohio Seal
Nickname(s): The Buckeye State,
"Birthplace of Aviation"
Motto(s): With God, all things are possible
Map of the United States with Ohio Alexa highlighted
Official language None
Capital Columbus
Largest city Columbus
Largest metro Cincinnati
Area Ranked 34th
 - Total 44,825 sq mi
(116,096 km2)
 - Width 220 miles (355 km)
 - Length 220 miles (355 km)
 - % water 8.7
 - Latitude 38°27'N to 41°58'N
 - Longitude 80°32'W to 84°49'W
Number of people Ranked 7th
 - Total 11,536,504 (2010 census)
 - Density 277.26/sq mi  (107.05/km2)
Ranked 9th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Campbell Hill[1]
1,550 ft (472 m)
 - Average 853 ft  (260 m)
 - Lowest point Ohio River[1]
455 ft (139 m)
Became part of the U.S. March 1, 1803, (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953)
Governor John Kasich (R)
U.S. Senators Rob Portman (R)
Sherrod Brown (D)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations OH, US-OH
Website www.ohio.gov

Ohio is one of the 50 states in the United States. Its capital is Columbus. Columbus also is the largest city in Ohio.

Other large cities in Ohio are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Dayton, Akron, Toledo, and Youngstown.

Some famous people from Ohio include golfer Jack Nicklaus, Wilbur and Orville Wright, author Sherwood Anderson, and actors Clark Gable and Katie Holmes. There have also been seven American presidents from Ohio: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, Warren G. Harding. Famous astronauts John Glenn, Neil Armstrong and inventor of the airplane the Wright Brothers were born in Ohio.

Ohio is important in elections because it is a swing state and candidates often campaign a lot there. Ohio has both farmland and cities. It is a part of the Midwest. Ohio is the 7th most populated state in the United States of America (capital Washington D.C.)

Geography[change | change source]

Ohio borders Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, and West Virginia, and it shares a water border with Ontario, Canada. Western Ohio is mostly flat farmland, with some hills. Southern and Southeastern Ohio is near the Appalachian Mountains, and is the most mountainous part of the state. Most of this area is covered by forests. This part of Ohio is home to the Ohio River, the Wayne National Forest, and the Hocking Hills, which has waterfalls and canyons.

Central Ohio is mostly rolling hills, and is home to Columbus. Northeast Ohio is dominated by the Lake Erie coast and has a mix of cities and countryside.

Economy[change | change source]

For many years, industry and manufacturing was the biggest part of Ohio's economy. Youngstown was a big steel producer, as was Cleveland. Other manufacturing - including the car industry - was a major factor across the state. Since the 1970s, industry has shrank in Ohio, but it is still a big part of the local economy. Today, other businesses are more prominant. Cleveland is one of the biggest hubs for Healthcare, and its main hospital, the famous Cleveland Clinic, is the largest employer in the region. Banking is also a major business, and foods and retail are too. Cincinnati is the headquarters of Kroger and Macy's, and Huntington and Key Bank are based in Ohio.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-7.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)