Old Norse language

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Old Norse
dǫnsk tunga, dansk tunga ("Danish tongue"), norrœnt mál ("Norse language")
Region Nordic countries, Scotland, Ireland, England, Wales, Isle of Man, Normandy, Vinland, the Volga and places in-between
Era developed into the various North Germanic languages by the 14th century
Language family
Writing system Runic, later Latin (Old Norse alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 non
ISO 639-3 non

Old Norse is a Germanic language that was spoken in Scandinavia, during the Viking Age, until about year 1300. It was also spoken in Iceland, the Faeroe Islands, Orkney Islands and other places, where Scandinavians started settlements (similar to colonies).

Languages that came from Old Norse[change | change source]

Modern Icelandic is the modern language, that looks most like Old Norse, when written. Another language, similar to Old Norse, is Elfdalian. Other languages that come from Old Norse, are Swedish, Danish, Faroese, and Norwegian.

The Rök Runestone in Östergötland, Sweden, is the longest surviving source of early Old East Norse. It is inscribed on both sides