|65th President of Peru|
28 July 2011 – 28 July 2016
|Prime Minister||Salomón Lerner Ghitis|
Juan Jiménez Mayor
|Vice President||Omar Chehade|
|Preceded by||Alan Garcia|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Pablo Kuczynski|
|President pro tempore of the Union of South American Nations|
29 June 2012 – 30 August 2013
|Preceded by||Fernando Lugo|
|Succeeded by||Dési Bouterse|
|President of the Nationalist Party|
|Assumed office |
26 August 2016
|Preceded by||Nadine Heredia|
3 October 2005 – 30 December 2013
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Nadine Heredia|
Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso
27 June 1962
|Political party||Nationalist Party|
|Peru Wins (2010–present)|
|Height||165 cm (5 ft 5 in)|
|Spouse(s)||Nadine Heredia (1999–present)|
|Alma mater||Chorrillos Military School|
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
|Years of service||1981–2006|
|Battles/wars||Internal conflict in Peru|
Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso (Spanish pronunciation: [oˈʎanta uˈmala]; born 27 June 1962) is a Peruvian politician. He was the 65th President of Peru from 2011 to 2016. Humala lost the 2006 presidential election and eventually won the 2011 presidential election in a run-off vote. He was elected as President of Peru in the second round, defeating Keiko Fujimori (daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori).
Early life[change | change source]
Born to a prominent political family affiliated with the ethnocacerist movement, Humala is the son of famed Quechua labour lawyer Isaac Humala. Humala entered the Peruvian Army in 1981, eventually achieveing the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. During his time in the military, he fought in the internal conflict against far-left terrorist group Shining Path as well as in the Cenepa War with neighboring Ecuador. In October 2000, Humala attempted an unsuccessful coup d'etatagainst President Alberto Fujimori during the dying days of his regime; eventually, Congress granted him amnesty and Humala was allowed to return to military duty.
Politics[change | change source]
In 2005, Humala entered electoral politics, founding the Peruvian Nationalist Party (PNP) in order to run in the 2006 presidential election. Having received first place in the first round, he faced former centre-left President and APRA candidate Alan García in the second round, ultimately losing by a narrow margin. His campaign received widespread international attention in 2006 given the recent success of left-wing politicians in Latin America. In 2011, he would once again run for President, and narrowly defeated Keiko Fujimori in the runoff.
Humala's election initially concerned investors, who feared he would govern similar to far-left Venezuelan PresidentHugo Chavez, a former ally of his. To assuage these fears, Humala would begin his term by choosing centrists for positions in his cabinet. Humala's unpopular presidency was dominated by corruption scandals surrounding him and his politically influential wife Nadine Heredia. Environmentalists were highly critical of Humala's mining policies, and argued that he reneged on his campaign promise to reign in mining companies.
Humala was arrested by Peruvian authorities in July 2017 for illegally accepting bribes and awaits a corruption trial.
Humala ran for president again in 2021, but lost in the first round of the election.
References[change | change source]
- The Guardian, April 11, 2011, Peru elections: Fujimori and Humala set for runoff vote
- Diario Hoy, October 31, 2000, PERU, CORONELAZO NO CUAJA
- Peru.com, Redacción (2012-10-04). "Ollanta Humala recibió perdón del Congreso por levantamiento en Locumba". Peru.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2021-05-21. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
- "Peru's Humala is Washington's next "Worst Nightmare"". Institute for Policy Studies. 2006-04-24. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- Staff, Reuters (2011-07-21). "Leftist Humala picks centrists for Peru Cabinet". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- "First lady drags Peru's President to new public approval low". Perú Reports. 2015-06-16. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- "The Prosecutor Investigating Peru's Powerful First Lady Has Been Fired". www.vice.com. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- Staff, Reuters (2016-07-27). "Anti-mining politician freed from jail in Peru slams government". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- "Peru: Humala Submits to the United States and the Mining Industry". NACLA. Archived from the original on 2021-04-16. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
- McDonnell, Adriana Leon and Patrick J. "Another former Peruvian president is sent to jail, this time as part of growing corruption scandal". latimes.com.