Ontario

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Ontario
Motto(s): 
Latin: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet
("Loyal she began, loyal she remains")
Coordinates: 49°15′00″N 84°30′00″W / 49.25000°N 84.50000°W / 49.25000; -84.50000Coordinates: 49°15′00″N 84°30′00″W / 49.25000°N 84.50000°W / 49.25000; -84.50000
CountryCanada
ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick)
CapitalToronto
Largest cityToronto
Largest metroGreater Toronto Area
Government
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • BodyGovernment of Ontario
 • Lieutenant GovernorElizabeth Dowdeswell
 • PremierDoug Ford (PC)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Ontario
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats121 of 338 (35.8%)
Senate seats24 of 105 (22.9%)
Area
 • Total1,076,395 km2 (415,598 sq mi)
 • Land917,741 km2 (354,342 sq mi)
 • Water158,654 km2 (61,257 sq mi)  14.7%
Area rankRanked 4th
 10.8% of Canada
Population
 (2016)
 • Total13,448,494 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
14,733,119 [3]
 • RankRanked 1st
 • Density14.65/km2 (37.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ontarian[4]
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[5]
GDP
 • Rank1st
 • Total (2015)CA$763.276 billion[6]
 • Per capitaCA$59,879 (7th)
HDI
 • HDI (2018)0.929[7]Very high (3rd)
Time zones
East of 90th meridian westUTC-05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-04:00 (EDT)
West of 90th meridian west, except Atikokan and Pickle LakeUTC-06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-05:00 (CDT)
Atikokan and Pickle Lake (No DST)UTC-05:00 (EST)
Postal abbr.
ON
Postal code prefix
K L M N P
ISO 3166 codeCA-ON
FlowerWhite trillium
TreeEastern white pine
BirdCommon loon
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Ontario is a province of Canada. It is in the eastern half of Canada, between Manitoba and Quebec. Ontario has the most people of any province, with 13,150,000 in 2009, and is home to the biggest city in Canada, Toronto, which is also the capital of the province. In the eastern part of the province, placed on the border with Quebec, is Ottawa, the capital of Canada, located on the Ottawa River.

Ontario also has the second largest land area, with 1,076,395 km²; only Quebec is larger by size. (Nunavut and Northwest Territories are also larger, but are called territories and not provinces). The province has one of the longest borders with the United States and there are several border crossings including the one at Niagara Falls. Along this border are 4 large lakes called Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior. They each are partly in Ontario and partly in the United States, and the border runs through them, but not Lake Michigan, which is entirely in the United States. These five lakes are together are called the Great Lakes.

There are a number of symbols that represent the province of Ontario. The flag is red with the British Union Jack in the top left corner and the provincial shield is on the right hand side of the flag. The provincial bird is the loon, and the provincial flower is the trillium. It has three flower petals and it is usually white but some times is pink or purple.

History[change | change source]

Ontario became part of Canada when it was created in 1867. Before 1840, it was known as Upper Canada, which was a colony in the British Empire. Between 1840 and 1867 it was known as Canada West. The government of Ontario sits at Queen's Park in Toronto. The leader of the government is called the Premier, and the current Premier is Doug Ford. There is also a Lieutenant Governor who represents the Queen, and the current Lieutenant Governor is Elizabeth Dowdeswell.

Geography[change | change source]

Ontario is very large, so sometimes people break it into two. The two parts are called Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. Most of the people in Ontario live in the south, and that is where the big cities are. The big cities in Southern Ontario are Toronto and the rest of the Greater Toronto Area, Ottawa and the National Capital Region, Hamilton, London, Windsor, and Sarnia. The cities in the north are smaller. In the far north of Ontario hardly any people live at all, and there are no roads or railways making it difficult to even get to those places.

Much of Ontario gets lots of snow in the winter. In the summer, it can get very hot in the south parts. In some big cities, there is smog in the summer.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  2. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  3. "Population estimates, quarterly". Statistics Canada. June 14, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  4. "Definition of Ontarian". Collins Online Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  5. "About Ontario". Ontario.ca. Queen's Printer for Ontario. 2019-03-07. Archived from the original on 2020-01-08. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  6. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2015)". Statistics Canada. November 9, 2016. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  7. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.

Other websites[change | change source]