Order of the Rising Sun

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Order of the Rising Sun, c. 1902

The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章, Kyokujitsu-shō) is a Japanese government honor established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government,[1] It was created on April 10, 1875 by decree of the Council of State.[2]

The modern version of this honor has been given to non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981.[3]

The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of Office of the Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor.

Classes[change | change source]

The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003. Since then, it has been awarded in seven classes.

Selected recipients[change | change source]

These lists are not finished; you can help Wikipedia by adding to them.

ribbon bar 1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon[change | change source]

ribbon bar 1st Class, Grand Cordon[change | change source]

ribbon bar 2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star[change | change source]

ribbon bar 3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon[change | change source]

ribbon bar 4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette[change | change source]

ribbon bar 5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays[change | change source]

ribbon bar 6th Class, Silver Rays[change | change source]

ribbon bar 7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal[change | change source]

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar 8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal[change | change source]

In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.

ribbon bar Class unknown[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Decorations Bureau web site". .cao.go.jp. Archived from the original on 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  2. "Council of State decree". Quanonline.com. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  3. "Weatherhead East Asian Institute web site - Carol Gluck". Columbia.edu. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  4. Honor conferred 1963 -- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung Archived 2013-05-18 at the Wayback Machine: Biographie, Orden und Ehrenzeichen Archived 2013-07-05 at the Wayback Machine; Kyokujitsu-sho, Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne, 1. Klasse, Großkreuz (22 März 1960); Kyokujitsu Tokwa Daiju-sho (Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne mit Paulownia-Blüten ((2 Dezember 1963). (in German)
  5. Department of the Army, Headquarters: General Orders, No. 13. April 6, 1964.
  6. Rutledge, Martha. (1979). "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)," Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, pp 194–200; Scaramouche. "Sir Edmund Barton"
  7. FIFA: Honors, Sepp Blatter Archived 2009-06-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. Honor awarded 2000 -- Awards Archived 2010-10-07 at the Wayback Machine; Cillizza, Chris. "Hawaii Sen. Daniel Inouye dies at age 88," Washington Post. December 17, 2012; retrieved 2012-12-17.
  9. Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai Archived 2010-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, 2009.
  10. C. J. Lloyd. "McEwen, Sir John (1900–1980)". Adb.online.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  11. Honor awarded 1973 -- National Archives of Australia Archived 2009-05-20 at the Wayback Machine
  12. S Ramesh. "Goh Chok Tong to receive award from Japanese emperor Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine". channelnewsasia.com. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  13. 13.0 13.1 NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun
  14. Keene Center of Japanese Culture, About Donald Keene Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-11-02.
  15. "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Archived 2011-06-05 at the Wayback Machine Japan Today. April 29, 2008.
  16. Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. September 18, 2004.
  17. ""Martha Argerich - IMG Artists"". Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
  18. "George Tekei, bio notes". Georgetakei.com. Archived from the original on 2001-09-22. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
  19. Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
  20. Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
  21. Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays, Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971" Archived 2015-06-09 at the Wayback Machine
  22. 2017 Autumn Conferment of the Order of the Rising Sun, Silver Rays on Mrs. Tsuyako Sogawa Coveney, Consulate-General of Japan in Perth: [1] Archived 2021-02-26 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Order of the Rising Sun at Wikimedia Commons