Order of the Rising Sun
The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章, Kyokujitsu-shō) is a Japanese government honor established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government, It was created on April 10, 1875 by decree of the Council of State.
The modern version of this honor has been given to non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981.
The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of Office of the Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor.
Classes[change | change source]
The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003. Since then, it has been awarded in seven classes.
Selected recipients[change | change source]
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1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon[change | change source]
1st Class, Grand Cordon[change | change source]
- Edmund Barton, 1905
- Sepp Blatter, 2009
- Malcolm Fraser, 2006
- Daniel Inouye (1924-2012)
- Lee Kuan Yew, 1967
- Wangari Maathai, 2009
- John McEwen 1973
- Robert Menzies (1894–1978)
- Goh Chok Tong, 2011
- Gough Whitlam, 2006
2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star[change | change source]
3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon[change | change source]
4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette[change | change source]
5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays[change | change source]
6th Class, Silver Rays[change | change source]
7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal[change | change source]
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal[change | change source]
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
Class unknown[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Decorations Bureau web site". .cao.go.jp. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Council of State decree". Quanonline.com. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Weatherhead East Asian Institute web site - Carol Gluck". Columbia.edu. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor conferred 1963 -- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung Archived 2013-05-18 at the Wayback Machine: Biographie, Orden und Ehrenzeichen Archived 2013-07-05 at the Wayback Machine; Kyokujitsu-sho, Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne, 1. Klasse, Großkreuz (22 März 1960); Kyokujitsu Tokwa Daiju-sho (Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne mit Paulownia-Blüten ((2 Dezember 1963). (in German)
- Department of the Army, Headquarters: General Orders, No. 13. April 6, 1964.
- Rutledge, Martha. (1979). "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)," Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, pp 194–200; Scaramouche. "Sir Edmund Barton"
- FIFA: Honors, Sepp Blatter.
- Honor awarded 2000 -- Awards Archived 2010-10-07 at the Wayback Machine; Cillizza, Chris. "Hawaii Sen. Daniel Inouye dies at age 88," Washington Post. December 17, 2012; retrieved 2012-12-17.
- Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai Archived 2010-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, 2009.
- C. J. Lloyd. "McEwen, Sir John (1900–1980)". Adb.online.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 1973 -- National Archives of Australia
- S Ramesh. "Goh Chok Tong to receive award from Japanese emperor". channelnewsasia.com. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
- NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun
- Keene Center of Japanese Culture, About Donald Keene Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-11-02.
- "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Japan Today. April 29, 2008.
- Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. September 18, 2004.
- ""Martha Argerich - IMG Artists"". Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
- "George Tekei, bio notes". Georgetakei.com. Archived from the original on 2001-09-22. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
- Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
- Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays, Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971" Archived 2015-06-09 at the Wayback Machine
- 2017 Autumn Conferment of the Order of the Rising Sun, Silver Rays on Mrs. Tsuyako Sogawa Coveney, Consulate-General of Japan in Perth: 
Further reading[change | change source]
- Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Order of the Rising Sun at Wikimedia Commons