Odia language

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ଓଡ଼ିଆ oḍiā
Odia bhasa.png
Native to India
Region Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Assam, Bihar. Widely spoken in Surat, Bangalore, New Delhi and Mumbai. Prominent speakers in Pune, Hyderabad and Chennai
Ethnicity Odias
Native speakers 33 million  (2007)[1]
Language family
  • Eastern
    • East-Central
      • Oriya language
        • Odia
Writing system Oriya alphabet (Brahmic)
Oriya Braille
Official status
Official language in Odisha, Jharkhand
Language codes
ISO 639-1 or
ISO 639-2 ori
ISO 639-3 oriinclusive code
Individual codes:
ory – Oriya
spv – Sambalpuri
bgw – Bhatri
ort – Adivasi Oriya
dso – Desiya
Linguasphere 59-AAF-x
The distribution of Odia, in India
Spoken Odia

Odia (ଓଡ଼ିଆ oṛiā), formerly known as Oriya,[2] is an Indian Dravidian language, mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. Some parts of Odisha, mainly the Ganjam and Gajapati districts, speak the Telugu language. The language is also an official language of India. There are about 33 million people who speak Odia.

Example[change | change source]

The first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Odia:

ସବୁ ମନୁଷ୍ଯ ଜନ୍ମକାଳରୁ ସ୍ୱାଧୀନ । ସେମାନଙ୍କର ମର୍ଯ୍ୟାଦା ଓ ଅଧିକାର ସମାନ । ସେମାନଙ୍କର ପ୍ରଜ୍ଞା ଓ ବିବେକ ନିହିତ ଅଛି । ସେମାନେ ପରସ୍ପର ପ୍ରତି ଭାତୃଭାବ ପୋଷଣ କରି କାର୍ଯ୍ୟ କରିବା ଦରକାର ।
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

References[change | change source]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. "PRS | Bill Track | The Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010". www.prsindia.org. Retrieved 2018-01-31.