Oryol

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Oryol
Орёл
Left:A 400th anniversary monument of Oryol, Oryol City Hall, Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev nonument in Krituri Oddri Park, Right:Lenina (Lenin) Square and Theotokos Smolensk Church, Oryol Eagle Monument in Privokzalnaya Square, Orink River and Oryol financial heritage building, Orzol Saint Michael Church, (all item from above to bottom)
Left:A 400th anniversary monument of Oryol, Oryol City Hall, Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev nonument in Krituri Oddri Park, Right:Lenina (Lenin) Square and Theotokos Smolensk Church, Oryol Eagle Monument in Privokzalnaya Square, Orink River and Oryol financial heritage building, Orzol Saint Michael Church, (all item from above to bottom)
Flag of Oryol
Coat of arms of Oryol
Location of Oryol
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Coordinates: 52°58′07″N 36°04′10″E / 52.96861°N 36.06944°E / 52.96861; 36.06944Coordinates: 52°58′07″N 36°04′10″E / 52.96861°N 36.06944°E / 52.96861; 36.06944
CountryRussia
Federal subjectOryol Oblast
Founded1566
Government
 • MayorYuri Parakhin[1]
Area
 • Total121.21 km2 (46.80 sq mi)
Elevation
170 m (560 ft)
Population
 • Total317,747
 • Estimate 
(2021)
303,696
 • Rank57th in 2010
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Oryol
 • Capital ofOryol Oblast, city of oblast significance of Oryol
 • Urban okrugOryol Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofOryol Urban Okrug, Orlovsky Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
302000–302999
Dialing code(s)+7 4862
OKTMO ID54701000001
City DayAugust 5
Twin townsRazgrad, Offenbach am Main, Kaluga, Kolpino, Kolpinsky District, Novosibirsk, Volokolamsky District, Žodzina, Novi Sad, Maribor, Penza, Brest, Uzhhorod, Nokia, České BudějoviceEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.orel-adm.ru

Oryol or Orel (Russian: Орёл, IPA: [ɐˈrʲɵl], lit. eagle), also known as Oriol,[6] is the largest city in and the administrative center of Oryol Oblast. It is on the Oka River, around 368 kilometers (229 mi) south-southwest of Moscow. It is part of the Central Federal District and the Central Economic Region.

History[change | change source]

Oryol was a fortress town in Russia for several centuries. It was looted by Polish forces in 1611 and 1615. It was rebuilt in 1636. The fortress was taken apart in the 18th century.

During WW2, the city was almost fully destroyed during Operation Kutuzov.

Geography[change | change source]

Oryol is on the banks of the Oka River and its tributary the Orlik river. It is in the Central Russian Upland of the East European Plain.

Climate[change | change source]

Oryol has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It has cold winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Oryol (1991–2020, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
9.4
(48.9)
19.3
(66.7)
29.0
(84.2)
32.8
(91.0)
35.4
(95.7)
38.7
(101.7)
39.5
(103.1)
31.3
(88.3)
26.3
(79.3)
17.5
(63.5)
9.7
(49.5)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.0
(37.4)
12.9
(55.2)
20.1
(68.2)
23.5
(74.3)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
18.2
(64.8)
10.5
(50.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
11.0
(51.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.6
(45.7)
14.3
(57.7)
17.9
(64.2)
19.8
(67.6)
18.5
(65.3)
12.7
(54.9)
6.4
(43.5)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−8.9
(16.0)
−4.3
(24.3)
2.8
(37.0)
8.7
(47.7)
12.4
(54.3)
14.5
(58.1)
12.9
(55.2)
8.0
(46.4)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.2
(28.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
2.6
(36.7)
Record low °C (°F) −35.4
(−31.7)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−17.2
(1.0)
−5
(23)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.9
(39.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
−5
(23)
−13
(9)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−35
(−31)
−37.8
(−36.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46
(1.8)
41
(1.6)
39
(1.5)
40
(1.6)
50
(2.0)
69
(2.7)
87
(3.4)
54
(2.1)
57
(2.2)
56
(2.2)
44
(1.7)
47
(1.9)
630
(24.8)
Average rainy days 6 5 8 13 14 15 15 12 15 14 11 8 136
Average snowy days 23 21 14 4 0.4 0 0 0 0.3 3 13 22 101
Average relative humidity (%) 84 82 77 68 64 71 72 72 78 82 87 86 77
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[7]

Demographics[change | change source]

Oryol population
1897 Census70 000
1926 Census76 000
1939 Census110 564
1959 Census151 521
1970 Census232 216
1979 Census304 971
1989 Census336 862
2002 Census333 310
2010 Census317 747
Estimate 2021303 696

According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in January 2020 the number of residents came to 308 838. It is the 66th place among 1117 cities of Russia for 2019.

Largest ethnic groups in 2010:

International relations[change | change source]

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Oryol State Academic Theater

Oryol is twinned with:[8]

Partner cities[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Мэр города Орла избран из состава депутатов горсовета". www.orelgorsovet.ru. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  2. "Результат запроса". www.gks.ru. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  3. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. "Oriol, Russia". Geographical Names. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  7. "Weather and Climate - The Climate of IOryol" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  8. "Партнерские связи". orel-adm.ru (in Russian). Oryol. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  9. "Орел и туркменский Мары стали городами-побратимами". October 3, 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]