|Date of birth||
September 24, 1964|
|Place of birth||
Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan|
1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
Teikyo High School|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Osamu Taninaka (谷中 治, Taninaka Osamu, born September 24, 1964) is a former Japanese football player. He played for the Japan national team.
Taninaka was born in Fuchu on September 24, 1964. After graduating from Teikyo High School, he joined Japan Soccer League club Fujita Industries in 1983. He played 138 matches and scored 19 goals for the club until 1991. He moved to Regional Leagues club PJM Futures (later Tosu Futures) in 1991. The club was promoted to Japan Football League from 1993. He retired in 1995.
On September 30, 1984, when Taninaka was 20 years old, he debuted for the Japan national team against South Korea. He played 3 games for Japan until 1986.