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Osteopilus septentrionalis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Subfamily: Hylinae
Genus: Osteopilus
Fitzinger, 1843

8 sp., see text

Osteopilus is a group of frogs in the family Hylidae. These frogs have a bony bumps on their skulls. This makes their heads like helmets. These helmet-skulls are called casques. The name "osteopilus" comes from the Greek words osteo- for "bone" and pilos (πῖλος) for "felt cap." Together, Osteopilus means "bone cap."[1] These frogs can be brown, brown-gray, or olive green in color with darker markings or patterns. The disks on their toes. They do not have much webbing on their front feet. The eyes and eardrum are large. These frogs live in the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas, but human beings have brought O. septentrionalis to the Lesser Antilles, Hawaii, and Florida.

Species[change | change source]

There are eight species in this genus:[2]

Image Binomial name and author Common name
O. crucialis (Harlan, 1826) Jamaican snoring frog or Harlan's Antilles frog
O. dominicensis (Tschudi, 1838) Hispaniolan common tree frog or Dominican tree frog
O. marianae (Dunn, 1926) yellow bromeliad frog or Spaldings tree frog
O. ocellatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Jamaican laughing frog, or Savanna-la-Mar tree frog, Brown tree frog
O. pulchrilineatus (Cope, 1870) Hispaniolan yellow tree frog
O. septentrionalis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) Cuban tree frog
O. vastus (Cope, 1871) Hispaniolan giant tree frog
O. wilderi (Dunn, 1925) green bromeliad frog or Wilder's tree frog

References[change | change source]

  1. Dodd, C. Kenneth (2013). Frogs of the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4214-0633-6.
  2. Osteopilus, Amphibian Species of the World 5.6

Other websites[change | change source]