Oviraptorosaur

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Oviraptorosaurs
Temporal range: Cretaceous, 130–66 Ma
Caudipteryx zoui - Untere Kreide - Liaoning-China.jpg
Replica of a Caudipteryx zoui skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Pennaraptora
Clade: Oviraptorosauria
Barsbold, 1976
Subgroups[3]
Synonyms

Caenagnathiformes Sternberg, 1940
Avimimiformes Chatterjee, 1991

Oviraptor philoceratops: notice the highly derived skull shape.

Oviraptorosaurs are a group of feathered maniraptoran dinosaurs from the Cretaceous period of what are now Asia and North America. They have short, beaked, parrot-like skulls, with or without bony head crests. They ranged in size from Caudipteryx, which was the size of a turkey, to the 8 meter long, 1.4 ton Gigantoraptor.[4] The most complete oviraptorosaur specimens have been found in Asia.[5] The North American oviraptorosaur record is sparse.[5]

The group (and all maniraptoran dinosaurs) is close to the ancestry of birds. Oviraptorosaurs might be primitive flightless birds.[6] On the other hand, they might just be close relatives of the birds.

The earliest and most basal ("primitive") known oviraptorosaurs are Protarchaeopteryx robusta and Incisivosaurus gauthieri, both from the lower Yixian Formation of China, dating to about 125 million years ago in the Lower Cretaceous. Some fragmentary species, such as Calamospondylus oweni and Thecocoelurus daviesi, may have been even earlier members of the Oviraptorosauria. A tiny neck vertebra from England shares some features in common with oviraptorosaurs. It may represent an earlier occurrence of this group, at about 140 million years ago.[7]

Typical genera[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ji Qiang, Lü Jun-Chang, Wei Xue-Fang, Wang Xu-Ri (2012). "A new oviraptorosaur from the Yixian Formation of Jianchang, Western Liaoning Province, China". Geological Bulletin of China 31 (12): 2102–2107. 
  2. He, T.; Wang, X.-L.; Zhou, Z.-H. (2008). "A new genus and species of caudipterid dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China". Vertebrata PalAsiatica 46 (3): 178–189. 
  3. Holtz, Thomas R. Jr. (2010) Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages, Winter 2010 Appendix.
  4. Xu X. et al 2007. A gigantic bird-like dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of China. Nature, 447: 844-847.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Varricchio, D.J. 2001. Late Cretaceous oviraptorosaur (Theropoda) dinosaurs from Montana. pp. 42–57 in D.H. Tanke and K. Carpenter (eds) Mesozoic vertebrate life. Indiana University Press, Indianapolis, Indiana.
  6. Osmólska, Halszka, Currie, Philip J., Brasbold, Rinchen 2004. In The Dinosauria Weishampel, Dodson, Osmólska. Chapter 8 Oviraptorosauria. University of California Press.
  7. Naish D. and Sweetman S.C. 2011. A tiny maniraptoran dinosaur in the Lower Cretaceous Hastings Group: evidence from a new vertebrate-bearing locality in south-east England. Cretaceous Research, 32: 464-471. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2011.03.001

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Oviraptorosauria at Wikimedia Commons