Palácio Monroe (Portuguese)
|Type||Brazilian Congress seat (1914–1920)|
Brazilian Senate seat (1925–1960)
|Architectural style||Neoclassicism and Eclecticism|
|Address||Praça Mahatma Gandhi|
|Town or city||Rio de Janeiro|
|Coordinates||22°54′44.82″S 43°10′31.62″W / 22.9124500°S 43.1754500°W|
|Floor area||1,700 m2 (18,000 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Francisco Marcelino de Sousa Aguiar|
The Palácio Monroe (Portuguese for "Monroe Palace") was a historic building in the Centro neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was named in honor of U.S. president James Monroe. It was originally built in the U.S. city of St. Louis to act as the Brazilian Pavilion during the 1904 World's Fair. After the World's Fair, the building was dismantled and transported in cargo ships to Rio de Janeiro, where it was rebuilt in 1906. From 1914 to 1920, the palace was used as the home of the Brazilian Congress and from 1925 to 1960 it was used as the home of the Brazilian Senate, when Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil. It was demolished in 1976 on the order of the President of Brazil Ernesto Geisel, despite protests. The reason for the building's demolition was to build the Rio de Janeiro Metro. In 1979, the Cinelândia Station was opened as one of the first five stations of the new metro, on the site of the demolished palace.
Gallery[change | change source]
Palácio Monroe in 1910, during the funeral of the writer and politician Joaquim Nabuco.
Palácio Monroe on a postcard.
Plan of the 1st floor of the Palácio Monroe drawn in 1924, in the National Archives of Brazil.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Cinelândia – Sobre a Estação (Cinelândia – About the Station)" (in Portuguese). MetrôRio. Retrieved 2022-08-11.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Palácio Monroe at Wikimedia Commons