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Parliament of Poland

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Parliament of Poland

Parlament Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
10th term Sejm and 11th term Senate
Polish coat of arms
Term limits
4 years
Małgorzata Maria Kidawa- Błońska, PO
since 13 November 2023
Szymon Hołownia, PL2050
since 13 November 2023
Senate political groups
  KO (41)
  ZP (34)
  L (9)
  KP (6)

  PL2050 (5)

  Senate Pact Independents (5)
Sejm political groups
  ZP (194)
  KO (157)

  PL2050 (33)

  KP (32)
  L (26)
  •   NL (19)
  •   LR (7)
  KWiN (18)
First-past-the-post voting
Proportional representationa
Senate last election
15 October 2023
Sejm last election
15 October 2023
Meeting place
Sejm chamber, Warsaw
Senate chamber, Warsaw
a Open-list proportional representation in 41 constituencies (5% national electoral threshold, 8% national electoral threshold for coalitions).

The parliament of Poland has an upper house (the Senate) and a lower house (the Sejm). Both houses are accommodated in the Sejm complex in Warsaw. The parliament itself is without an official name; the Constitution refers only to the Sejm and the Senate.

Members of both houses are elected by direct election, usually every four years. The Sejm has 460 members, while the Senate has 100 senators. To become law, a bill must first be approved by both houses.

References[change | change source]