Parts of speech

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Parts of speech [1] are types of word in grammar. There are many different word categories: they are called 'lexical categories'. The most common are these:[2]

Part of Speech Function Example Words Example Sentence(s) Notes
Verb Identifies an action or state. (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must London is a big city. I like London. A verb has a subject, which is a noun performing the action. Some verbs also have an object, which receives the action.
Noun Identifies a person, place or thing. pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, beef New York City is very beautiful. Proper nouns are a type of noun that refers to something individual. Proper nouns, like New York City, are capitalized. Other nouns are called common nouns.
Adjective Describes a noun. a/an, the, 2 (two), some, good, big, red, interesting The cat is black and white. A/an, the, some, many are known as determiners.[3]
Adverb Describes a verb, adjective or adverb. quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really The giraffe eats slowly, but when he is very hungry, he eats really quickly. Slowly describes the verb eat, very describes the adjective hungry and really describes the adverb quickly.
Pronoun Replaces a noun.

References[change | change source]

  1. also called a word class, lexical class or lexical category.
  2. "Parts of Speech". English Club. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  3. "Determiners". English Club. Retrieved 12 December 2013.