Part of speech
In grammar, a part of speech (also called a word class, lexical class or lexical category) is a type of word. (The word lexical means "relating to the vocabulary of a language"). There are many different lexical categories, but the most common ones are the following:
|Part of Speech||Function||Example Words||Example Sentence(s)||Notes|
|Verb||Identifies an action or state.||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must, etc.||London is a big city. I like London.|
|Noun||Identifies a person, place or thing.||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John, etc.||New York City is very beautiful.|
|Adjective||Describes a noun.||a/an, the, 2 (two), some, good, big, red, well, interesting, etc.||The cat is black and white.||A/an, the, some, many, etc., are known as determiners.|
|Adverb||Describes a verb, adjective or adverb.||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really, etc.||The giraffe eats slowly, but when he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.||Slowly describes the verb eat, very describes the adjective hungry and really describes the adverb quickly.|
|Pronoun||Replaces a noun.||I, you, he, she, some, it, etc.||She is very good at playing the piano.|
|Preposition||Links a noun to another word.||to, at, after, on, but, etc.||The dog is under the table.
The man ran over the bridge.
|Under links the noun dog to the noun table.
Over links the verb ran to the noun bridge.
|Conjunction||Joins clauses, sentences or words.||and, but, when, or, etc.||I like apples and oranges, but I don't like grapes.|
|Interjection||Short exclamation.||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well, etc.||Ouch! That really hurt!|
References[change | edit source]
- "Parts of Speech". English Club. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/parts-of-speech_1.htm. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- "Determiners". English Club. http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-determiners.htm. Retrieved 12 December 2013.