Parwan Province

Coordinates: 35°00′N 69°00′E / 35.0°N 69.0°E / 35.0; 69.0
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The Salang Pass during winter
The Salang Pass during winter
Map of Afghanistan with Parwan highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Parwan highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 35°00′N 69°00′E / 35.0°N 69.0°E / 35.0; 69.0
Country Afghanistan
 • GovernorMullah Mohammad Farid Omar[1]
 • Deputy GovernorMaulvi Dost Mohammad Haqqani[2]
 • Total5,974 km2 (2,307 sq mi)
 • Total751,040
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 codeAF-PAR
Main languagesDari[4]

Parwān (Persian/Pashto: پروان), also spelled Parvān, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. There are about 560,000 people.[5] The capital is Charikar.

In 329 BC, Alexander the Great formed the settlement of Parwan. It was conquered by the Arabs in 792.[6]

Districts[change | change source]

Districts of Parwan
Districts of Parwan Province
District Capital Population Area[7] Notes
Bagram 95,423
Charikar (Capital) 230,613
Ghorband 74,123
Jabal Saraj 80,052 Sub-divided in 2005
Kohi Safi 13,627
Salang 33,627
Sayed Khel 63,334 Created in 2005 within Jabul Saraj District
Shekh Ali 22,831
Shinwari 39,057
Surkhi Parsa 33,639

References[change | change source]

  1. "د پروان د استخباراتو نوي رييس په کار پيل وکړ". باختر خبری آژانس. November 4, 2021.
  2. "نشست محاکم پروان برگزار شد". آژانس خبری باختر. August 31, 2021.
  3. "Estimated Population of Afghanistan 2021-22" (PDF). National Statistic and Information Authority (NSIA). April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2021. {{cite web}}: |archive-date= / |archive-url= timestamp mismatch; June 24, 2021 suggested (help)
  4. "Parwan Provincial profile" (PDF). United Nations. Afghanistan's Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 1, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2015. Persian and Pashto are the main languages spoken in the province; however Persian speakers outnumber Pashto speakers by a ratio of 5 to 2.
  5. "Parwan Province". Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. November 15, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  6. Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". Encyclopaedia of Islam CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on December 18, 2007.
  7. Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers