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Peskotomuhkati Canoe.png
Passamaquoddy men in a canoe (2016)
Total population
3,575 enrolled tribal members
Regions with significant populations
United States (Maine)3,369 (0.3%)
Canada (New Brunswick)206 (0.03%)
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy, English
Wabanaki mythology, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi'kmaq, Penobscot

The Passamaquoddy are Native Americans and First Nation from New Brunswick and Maine. They are closely related to the Penobscot. They are part of the Northeastern Woodlands. Their language is part of the Algonquian languages family. Their name means "pollock-spearer" or "those of the place where pollock are plentiful".[1] They are part of the Wabanaki Confederacy. The US Government recognizes Passamaquoddy Tribe as a tribe.

History[change | change source]

Passamaquoddy had oral history. This means they spoke about their past history and family stories. They also made pictures and drawings. They lived more inland during winter and hunted in the winter. In the summer, they stayed near the coast. Here they went fishing. Passamaquoddy were involved in the fur trade. They were independent. They also had peaceful relations with French and English for many decades. Many Passamaquoddy died from European diseases. Settlers forced Natives off the land. The Passamaquoddy supported the Americans in the American Revolution. After the war, the Natives were only allowed to stay in the Indian Township Reservation in Washington County, Maine (Treaty of 1794). [2][3]

A Passamaquoddy story scraped onto birch bark

Maps[change | change source]

Maps showing the approximate locations of areas occupied by members of the Wabanaki Confederacy (from north to south):

References[change | change source]

  1. Erickson, Vincent O. 1978. "Maliseet-Passamaquoddy". In Northeast, ed. Bruce G. Trigger. Vol. 15 of Handbook of North American Indians, ed. William C. Sturtevant. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, pg. 135. Cited in Campbell, Lyle (1997). American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pg. 401.
  2. "Passamaquoddy History | Passamaquoddy People". Retrieved 2022-08-08.
  3. "Passamaquoddy | people | Britannica". Retrieved 2022-08-08.