This article uses too much jargon, which needs explaining or simplifying. (November 2023)
|Pathiyanadu Bhadrakali Temple|
The Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple is a shrine in Kerala, India. The shrine is in Mullassery. It is 1.5 kilometres (0.93 miles) from Karakulam. It is 12.5 kilometres (7.8 miles) from Thiruvananthapuram. The temple is managed by the Pathiyanadu sree Bhadrakali Kshetram Trust.
Deities[change | change source]
The temple enshrines Goddess Bhadrakali as the presiding Deity. The idol stands for Goddess Bhadrakali, the daughter of Lord Shiva. Other deities worshipped at the Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple called Upadevatha's temples include Lord MahaGanapathy and Nagaraja.
Kali - Darika Myth[change | change source]
Darika was a demon who received a boon from Brahma which granted that he would never be defeated by any man living in any of the fourteen worlds of Hindu mythology. This made Darika immensely powerful and arrogant. Armed with this boon, Darika went on to conquer the world, defeating even Indra, the king of the gods. As his atrocities became intolerable, the sage Narada asked Shiva to stop Darika. Shiva agreed, saying that Darika would be killed by the goddess Kali. Shiva opened his third eye and produced Kali, whose purpose was to destroy Darika. The goddess was a woman and not born among the humans. She killed him by beheading him. The goddess didn't stop with Darika and, unable to control her rage, began destroying the landscape and the very humans for whose sake she had destroyed Darika. The Gods could not defeat her, and she was finally calmed when Shiva lay on the ground in front of her, submitting.
Festival[change | change source]
Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple Festival is held every year, One of the Festival is Navaratri Mahotsavam and it is about Nine Days Festival and the Main Festival (Kumbabharani Mahotsavam) usually between February and March. The Dikkubali Mahotsavam is held every three years and the Paranettu Mahotsavam is held every six years. These festivals begin in the Malayalam month of Kumbham and the nakshatra Bharani, So all these festivals are called Kumbhabharani Mahotsavam.
Swayamvara Parvathy Pooja[change | change source]
This pooja is held on the Third day of the Festival. On that day girls above 18 participate in this pooja to remove their Dhoshas on their marriage, and get married soon and also get good a groom. On that day Trikalayanam (marriage of goddess Bhadrakali, based on Chilapathikaram) takes place. There are thousands and thousands of people here to see this pooja and participate in Trikalayanam and to get the goddess's blessings.
Grahalekshmi Pooja[change | change source]
Grahadhosha Nivarana Pooja[change | change source]
This pooja is seen only in this temple in Kerala. It is on the Festival days many people participate in this pooja to remove Dhosham like (black magic etc.) from their house.
Balithooval[change | change source]
On the fifth day of festival, this is performed by the priest of the temple. He performs some trance like dances until he is unconscious. It is done to remove Dhosham like Drishti dhosham, Vilidhosham, Black Magic etc. It believed that on this pooja the presiding deity's bhoothaganams remove these dhosham from the people who participated in this pooja and also to the people who watch this pooja.
Sarppabali[change | change source]
It is performed by the Kshetra thantri, on Festival day. This pooja is conducted to remove Sarppadhoshas.
Kalamkaval[change | change source]
Kalamkaval is a famous custom practiced at the temple premises and nearby places during the festival. It is believed that the Goddess Bhadrakali searches her enemy demon, Daaruka in all directions before putting him to death. Devotees commemorate this legend by seeing this unique Kalamkaval. Kalamkaval is the ritual in which the chief priest, carries the idol on his head and performs some trance like dances until he is unconscious. During kalamkaval, the chief priest wears anklet and thiruvabharam (traditional gold ornaments of goddess that includes kappu, vanki, odyanam, paalakka mala, pichi mottu mala, muthu mala etc.). People believe that the priest gets strength to carry on the trance with the idol on his head, due to the blessings of the Devi enshrined in the temple.
Dikkubali[change | change source]
It is believed that Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali searches for her enemy demon, Daaruka in all four directions before putting him to death.The four directions are East, South, West, North and also in each of these direction Kalamkaval and Gurusi takesplace.
Paranettu[change | change source]
It is believed that a fight erupted between Devi and the demon Darikan in the sky. The fight is enacted on a specially erected stage, about 100 feet high and is conducted at night known as Paranettu.
Nilathilporu[change | change source]
Nilathilporu marks the conclusion of the Kumbhabharani Paranettu festival at Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple. During the climactic moment of this ceremony, the demon Daarika (the man with the symbolic crown in the foreground) weeps and begs for mercy from the Goddess. Subsequently, the Goddess beheads the demon.
Aaraattu[change | change source]
The festival, ends with a grand procession knows as Aaraattu. During Aaraattu the Idol is cleaned using water collected from 101 pots. Aaraattu is conducted at Pathiyanadu Ambalakkadavu. Girls below ten years of age with the chief priest perform the function.
Pongala[change | change source]
Pongala at Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple is celebrated during the Festival of Malayalam month of Kumbham on the Punartham Nakshatram (Punarvasu Nakshatra). Pongala is the rice cooked with jaggery, ghee, and coconut and other ingredients in the open in small pots by women to please the Goddess. In Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple Pongal many women from different places come and put pongala to makes their wishes true.
Nercha[change | change source]
Akathu Nivedhyam, Kumkumaarchana, Ikyamathyarchana, Vidhyaasooktham, Rakthapushpaarchana, Bhaagyasooktharchana, Saraswathymantrarchana, Shatruthaasamhararchana, Swayamvaraarchana, Muttirakku (only on Sundays), Kumkumabhishekam(only on Sundays), Manjalabhishekam(only on Sundays), ManjalPara(only on Sundays), Swayamavara homam (specific months), Ganapathy homam, Mahaganapathy homam (on swayamvarahomam days and on vinayaka chathurthi),Chandika Homam (once in a year),Guruthi Pushpanjali (only on Sundays), Thattam pooja(with all fruits), Nagarchana, Ayilya Pooja, Thulaabhaaram, Kunjoonu, Aazhcha Pooja, Visheshal Pooja etc.
Cultural Programmes[change | change source]
There are many cultural programmes held on Festival days, Karkkidakavavu bali, etc. On the Festival days Samskaarika Sammelanam takes place. On that occasion several awards are given to the talented people. Awards like the sadhchitra award, Kalamadhyamasreshtta Puraskaaram, and also awards for the students who are talented in several arts and also in studies. The Kalamadhyamasreshtta Puraskaaram is given to the people who show talent in the fields of Films, Media, etc. In 2011, the Kalamadhyamasreshtta Puraskaaram was given to the actress Chippi; in 2012 it was given to cinema serial actress Indhulekha; In 2013 to Actor Madhu, in 2014 to Sugathakumari teacher, and in 2015 to Kavaalam Narayana Panicker