|Men's Figure skating|
Patrick Lewis Wai-Kuan Chan (born December 31, 1990) is a Canadian former competitive figure skater. He is a 2018 Olympic gold medalist in the team event, 2014 Olympic silver medalist in the men's and team events, a three-time World champion (2011, 2012, 2013), a two-time Grand Prix Final champion (2010 and 2011), a three-time Four Continents champion (2009, 2012, 2016), and a ten-time Canadian national champion (2008–2014, 2016–2018).
On April 27, 2011, Chan set a new world record of 93.02 points for the short program. On April 28, 2011, Chan then set a new world record for his free skating, receiving an overall score of 280.98. In recognition, Chan was named the recipient of the Lou Marsh Award as Canada's top athlete.
Personal life[change | change source]
His Chinese name is Chan Wai-Kuan. At the age of five, Chan showed talent in downhill skiing, but focused on other sports after his family moved to Toronto. He has an enduring interest in many sports, including taekwondo, tennis, golf and mountain climbing.
Skating career[change | change source]
Early career[change | change source]
Patrick Chan started skating in 1996. He originally wanted to learn to skate in order to play hockey, but soon became interested in figure skating. His coach, Osborne Colson, made him spend 30 minutes a day on basic stroking, edge work, cross-cutting and balance drills. Chan said, "I tell people I owe the flow in my knees and the flow I generate from my edges to Mr. Colson. He knew he had to pull everything apart and start from the ground up on the basics of skating."
2007–2008 season[change | change source]
Chan competed at the 2008 World Championships in March. He placed seventh in the short program and 11th in the free skating, placing ninth overall.
2008–2009 season[change | change source]
At the 2009 World Championships, Chan placed third in the short program, behind Brian Joubert and Evan Lysacek, and second in the free skate to win the silver medal behind Lysacek. He was eighteen. He also competed for Canada at the 2009 World Team Trophy. He placed fourth in the men's competition and Canada won the silver overall, behind the United States and ahead of Japan.
2009–2010 season[change | change source]
The 2010 Winter Olympics were held in Chan's home country, Canada. Chan placed seventh in the short program and then earned a new personal best score to place fourth in the free skate, finishing fifth overall.
Chan competed once again at the 2010 World Championships. He placed second in the short program, just 1.50 behind the leader, Daisuke Takahashi. He placed second in the free skate, 8.98 points behind Takahashi, to win his second world silver medal. Chan earned US$27,000 in prize money.
2010–2011 season[change | change source]
Chan began his season at the 2010 Liberty Summer Competition where he debuted his new short program to the music of Take Five, a jazz piece. He placed first in the short program, landing his first 4T in competition and was awarded a high grade of execution for the jump. In the free skate, he missed the 4T, but landed a 3A-3T combination for his first time in competition, and took the gold medal.
At the 2011 World Championships held in Moscow after a delay of a month, Chan won the short program with a score of 93.02 points, a new world record. In the free skate, he picked up 187.96 points (another world record), giving him a total of 280.98 points for his two days of competition. In September, he received three Guinness World Records certificates for achieving world records in the short program, free skating, and overall score.
2011–2012 season[change | change source]
In February 2012, Chan competed in the 2012 Four Continents Championships. He placed first in the short program, 4.51 ahead of Takahito Mura, and in the free skate, 24.25 ahead of Daisuke Takahashi, and obtained a 10.00 for his program component scores. He won gold with a total score of 273.94 points.
In late March 2012, Chan competed at the 2012 World Championships in Nice, France, and won his second straight World title. He placed first in both segments and finished with a total of 266.11 points, 6.45 ahead of silver medalist Daisuke Takahashi. Some in the crowd booed the outcome. On April 16, 2012, news media reported that Chan had accepted Krall's resignation. He credited Krall with improving his quad jump.
2012–2013 season[change | change source]
During the season, Chan was coached by Kathy Johnson and Eddie Shipstead. He left his longtime choreographer Lori Nichol and asked Jeff Buttle and David Wilson to produce his competitive programs.
In January, at the 2013 Canadian Championships, Chan ranked first in both segments and won his sixth Canadian national title. At the 2013 World Championships, held in London, Ontario, Canada, Chan won the short program earning 6.81 points more than Denis Ten from Kazakhstan. He set a new world record. He committed some mistakes in his jumps in the free skating and placed second in that segment. He finished first with 267.78 points overall, edging Ten for the gold medal by 1.3 points. It was Chan's third consecutive World title.
2013–2014 season[change | change source]
In the 2013–14 ISU Grand Prix season, Chan won both the 2013 Skate Canada International and the 2013 Trophée Éric Bompard with a world record score at the time in both the short program and the free skate. He finished second in the Grand Prix Final, behind Yuzuru Hanyu of Japan.
At the 2014 Winter Olympics, Patrick Chan competed in the team event. He skated the men's short program and placed third, contributing to Canada's silver medal finish.
During the individual event, Chan ranked second in the short program, scoring 3.93 points less than Hanyu's world record score and more than ten points ahead of the rest of the field. Hanyu's program featured the same jumps as Chan, but he had achieved better quality and amplitude on the jumps, particularly the triple axel. Hanyu fell twice during his free skate and had another triple discounted for putting his foot down in the middle of a jump sequence, while Chan struggled on several of his jumps including a miss on a relatively simple double Axel. As a result, Hanyu outscored Chan in the free skate by 0.54 points to take the gold medal, while Chan received the silver medal.
2015–2016 season[change | change source]
During the spring of 2015, Chan confirmed in several interviews that he would start training for the 2015–2016 season. 
Chan easily nabbed his eighth national tile at the 2016 Canadian Figure Skating Championships Chan won gold at the 2016 Four Continents Championships, defeating Jin Boyang and scoring a new personal best in the free skate. He finished fifth at the 2016 World Championships after placing third in the short and fifth in the free.
2016–2017 season[change | change source]
Chan and Johnson decided they would move to Vancouver in July 2016. She resigned in August 2016, and the move to Vancouver was put on hold. On September 23, 2016, Chan announced that his new coaching team would be led by Marina Zueva, and his training base would be Canton, Michigan. He would stay in Canton for the entire season.
Chan easily won a record-tying ninth Canadian national title. At the 2017 World Championships, he set his new personal best in the short program of 102.13, putting himself in medal contention in third place, but dropped to sixth after the long program. During the season, he attempted to incorporate a quadruple Salchow into his repertoire in response to the increasing jump difficulty of his top competitors.
2017–2018 season[change | change source]
In February, Chan represented Canada at his third Olympics, in Pyeongchang, South Korea. He won his first Olympic gold and third Olympic medal overall during the team event, defeating the Olympic Athletes from Russia. He skated both segments, ranking third in the short and first in the free skate. This earned 18 team points for Canada, six more than the Russian skater Mikhail Kolyada. In the individual men's event, Chan finished ninth after placing sixth in the short program and eighth in the free skate. He had tripled a quad attempt, doubled a triple, touched down with his hand on a triple axel, and stumbled on some of his footwork. He stated that this Olympic event was his last competition. He officially retired from competition on April 16, 2018.
References[change | change source]
- Ormsby, Mary (April 24, 2011). "Patrick Chan's big leap". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012.
- Starkman, Randy (January 14, 2007). "Skating's Odd Couple: Patrick Chan, the 16-year-old rising star of figure skating will never forget Osborne Colson, his mentor". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- "Patrick Chan: Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
- Radoslav, Mike (February 25, 2010). "Breakfast with the Chans". Archived from the original on September 16, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "Patrick CHAN: 2007/2008". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "2010 Winter Olympics Results – Figure Skating". ESPN. January 18, 2010.
- Gatehouse, Jonathon (January 12, 2011). "Patrick Chan's comeback". Maclean's. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Rutherford, Lynn (July 16, 2010). "Chan lands first-ever quad in "Take Five" short". IceNetwork.com. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
- Smith, Beverley (September 7, 2011). "Patrick Chan makes it to Guinness Book of Records". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- "2012 Four Continents Figure Skating Championships Men's Free Skate Protocol" (PDF). International Skating Union. 10 February 2012.
- "Boos greet Chan as he wins men's title". 31 March 2012 – via uk.reuters.com.
- "Chan surrounded by new coaches, choreographers ahead of Sochi". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. October 25, 2012. Archived from the original on October 27, 2012.
- Sports (16 March 2013). "Patrick Chan on criticism: 'I truly believe I deserved to win' figure skating worlds - National Post".
- "Patrick CHAN". Organizing Committee of the XXII Olympic Winter Games. Archived from the original on April 1, 2014.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- "Canada's figure skating star Chan set to resume training". Yahoo! Sports. AFP. April 22, 2015.
- Decool, Mélissa (24 January 2016). "Chan takes 8th National title in Halifax". Golden Skate.
- Decool, Mélissa (21 February 2016). "Spectacular Chan mines gold in Taipei". Golden Skate.
- "Skating star Patrick Chan will train with coaching staff including Marina Zoueva". CTV News. The Canadian Press. September 23, 2016.
- "Athlete Profile - Patrick CHAN". pyeongchang2018.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2018.
- DiManno, Rosie (February 16, 2018). "Patrick Chan bids fond farewell to Olympics, looks ahead to life off the ice". Toronto Star.
- "Skating Legend Patrick Chan Retires from Competitive Competition". Press release. April 16, 2018. https://skatecanada.ca/2018/04/skating-legend-patrick-chan-retires-from-competitive-competition.