Paul Bowles

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Paul Bowles
BornPaul Frederic Bowles
(1910-12-30)December 30, 1910
Jamaica, Queens, New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedNovember 18, 1999(1999-11-18) (aged 88)
Tangier, Morrocco
OccupationNovelist, composer
Period20th Century
Notable worksThe Sheltering Sky (1949)
'A Distant Episode" (1947)
Notable awardsRea Award for the Short Story
SpouseJane Bowles

Paul Frederic Bowles (December 30, 1910 – November 18, 1999) was an American composer and writer. From 1947 to the end of his life, he lived in Tangier, Morrocco.

Bowles started college at the University of Virginia. He soon left it and went to Paris. He met Gertude Stein and Alice B. Toklas. When he returned to the United States, he started to study music with Aaron Copland. In 1931, Stein and Toklas told them to move to Morrocco. And they did.[1] Bowles wrote his first chamber and solo piano works there. Later he went to Guatemala, Mexico, Ceylon, southern India and the Sahara. The music in those places had an influence on his own music.[2]

In 1938 he married the writer Jane Auer. She was a lesbian, and he was bisexual. It was not an ordinary marriage.[1] They moved to Morrocco in 1948. After that move, Bowles wrote less music and more fiction.[3]

His novels and short stories are often about Americans who come to North Africa to get away from the technology and noise of modern life. Things go wrong for them in the different culture.[4]

Bowles died of a heart attack in a hospital in Tangier.[1] He is buried with his wife, Jane, in Lakemont, New York.[5]

Books[change | change source]

  • The Sheltering Sky (1949)
  • The Delicate Prey and Other Stories (1950)
  • Let It Come Down (1952)
  • The Spider's House (1955)
  • Up Above the World (1966)
  • Without Stopping (autobiography) (1972)
  • Two Years Beside The Strait (autobiography) (1990)
  • Days: Tangier Journal (autobiography) (1991)
  • Collected Stories, 1939–1976 (1979)

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Writer Paul Bowles Dies at 88". Retrieved February 3, 2023.
  2. Herrmann, Irene (2001), "Bowles, Paul", Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.03762, retrieved August 26, 2023
  3. NIGHT WALTZ-THE MUSIC OF PAUL BOWLES, retrieved February 3, 2023
  4. "Mary Ellen Mark". Retrieved February 3, 2023.
  5. "Paul Bowles (1910-1999) - Find a Grave Memorial". Retrieved February 3, 2023.