|63rd President of Peru|
|Assumed office |
28 July 2021
|Prime Minister||Guido Bellido|
|Vice President||Dina Boluarte|
|Preceded by||Francisco Sagasti|
José Pedro Castillo Terrones
19 October 1969
Chota, Cajamarca, Peru
|Political party||Free Peru (2020–present)|
|Possible Peru (2005–2017)|
|Education||César Vallejo University (BA, MA)|
Early life and education[change | change source]
Castillo was born to two illiterate peasants in the town of Puña, Tacabamba, Chota Province, Department of Cajamarca. Cajamarca, despite being the location of South America's largest gold mine, has remained one of the poorest regions in Peru. He is the third child of nine in his parent's family.
During the internal conflict that began in the 1980s, Castillo worked in his youth as a patrolman of the Ronda Campesina to defend against Shining Path. A former student of Castillo, Nilver Herrera, followed him into the Ronda Campesina, saying that Castillo "was always trying to help people, ... If we had to build a road, he was there, if we had to do some task or errand, he was there, and if we had to help a sick person who didn’t have money, he was there." These groups held certain leftist beliefs, though they combatted left-wing terrorism in rural areas not under the scope of the Peruvian government.
He completed his elementary and high school education at the Octavio Matta Contreras de Cutervo Higher Pedagogical Institute and earned a bachelor's degree in education and a master's degree in Educational Psychology from the César Vallejo University.
Political career[change | change source]
Since 1995, Castillo has worked as a primary school teacher at School 10465 in the town of Puña, Chota, where he was responsible for cooking, cleaning and teaching for the students in his classroom.
He became a well known leading figure in the 2017 teacher strike in Peru. He ran for President of Peru in the 2021 general election with Free Peru and defeated Keiko Fujimori in the run-off election in June.
References[change | change source]
- "Students' struggles pushed Peru teacher to run for president". Associated Press. 2021-04-18. Retrieved 2021-04-22.
- Santaeulalia, Inés; Fowks, Jacqueline (2021-04-12). "Perú se encamina a una lucha por la presidencia entre el radical Pedro Castillo y Keiko Fujimori". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- "Pedro Castillo: Habrá minería «donde la naturaleza y la población la permitan»". Energiminas (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- Acosta, Sebastián (2021-04-08). "Pedro Castillo cerró su campaña con un mitin en la Plaza Dos de Mayo". RPP (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- "Buenos Aires Times | Inequality fuels rural teacher's unlikely bid to upend Peru". Buenos Aires Times. Bloomberg. 3 June 2021. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
- Allen, Nicolas (1 June 2021). "Pedro Castillo Can Help End Neoliberalism in Peru". Jacobin. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
- PERÚ, Empresa Peruana de Servicios Editoriales S. A. EDITORA. "Elecciones 2021: Conoce el perfil de Pedro Castillo, candidato del partido Perú Libre". andina.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
- "Peru Stocks Tumble as Presidential Vote Spooks Investors". Bloomberg.com. 2021-04-11. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- Cervantes, Marc Jones, Tom Arnold, Maria (2021-04-12). "UPDATE 2-Socialist surge in election spooks Peru's financial markets". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-04-13.