Peravia Province

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Coordinates: 18°17′24″N 70°19′48″W / 18.29°N 70.33°W / 18.29; -70.33
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Baní
 - elevation 61 m (200 ft)
 - coordinates 18°17′24″N 70°19′48″W / 18.29°N 70.33°W / 18.29; -70.33
Area 792.33 km² (306 sq mi)
Population 184,344 (2010) [1]
Density 233 /km² (603 /sq mi)
Province since 1944
Subdivisions 2 municipalities
11 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
3 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-17
Location of the Peravia Province
Location of the Peravia Province

Peravia is a province in south of the Dominican Republic. The capital city is Baní.

Location[change | change source]

The Peravia province is bordered to the north by the San José de Ocoa province, to the east by the San Cristóbal province, to west by the Azua province and to the south by the Caribbean Sea.

History[change | change source]

The province was created in 1944 with the name of Baní Province but that same year the name was changed to José Trujillo Valdez Province after the father of dictator Rafael Trujillo. In 1961, after Trujillo's death, the name of the province was changed to Peravia after the Valley of Peravia where is the city of Baní.

In 2000, the province was divided in two parts and the province of San José de Ocoa was formed with the northern part.

Municipalities[change | change source]

The Peravia province is one of the smallest province in the country with a total area of 792.33 km².[2] It has 1.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 29th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.

There are two municipalities and 11 municipal districts in the province.[3]

The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Population[change | change source]

Main square in Nizao

In 2010 (last national census), there were 184,344 people living in the Peravia province, and 125,534 (68.10%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 233 persons/km², one of the highest in the country.[4]

Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 16th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Baní, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 92,153 inhabitants.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

The Peravia province is along the Caribbean coast, in the eastern part of the Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"). There are several small valleys in the southern part of the province, surrounded by the north and west by mountains of the Cordillera Central (in English, "Central mountain range").

The most important rivers in the province are the Nizao and Ocoa rivers.

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the province is farming, growing fruits (like mangos) and vegetables (tomatoes and onions). Fishing and salt production is also important along the Caribbean Sea and there are some factories in Baní.

References[change | change source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  3. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Retrieved 2013-1-29.