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Perm, Russia

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky. City of Perm. General view (1910)
Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky. View of the city of Perm from Gorodskiye Gorki (1910)

Perm (Russian: Пермь, pronounced:pʲɛrʲmʲ) is a city and administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia. It lies on the banks of the Kama River, at the foot of the Ural Mountains.

Perm is one of the largest cities in Russia, with 976,116 (2006 est.) inhabitants, fewer than the 1,001,653 recorded in the 2002 Census and 1,090,944 recorded in the 1989 Census.

In geology, the Permian period takes its name from the region.

History[change | change source]

From 1940 until 1957, the city was named Molotov (Мо́лотов), after Vyacheslav Molotov. In 2021, six people were killed in a mass shooting.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

Administrative divisions
Building of the Perm Administration

Perm is divided into seven city districts:

City District Population (2002 Census)
Dzerzhinsky (Дзержи́нский) 153,403
Industrialny (Индустриа́льный) 160,039
Kirovsky (Ки́ровский) 126,960
Leninsky (Ле́нинский) 57,569
Motovilikhinsky (Мотови́лихинский) 176,564
Ordzhonikidzevsky (Орджоники́дзевский) 111,631
Sverdlovsky (Свердло́вский) 215,487

Modern city[change | change source]


The city is a major administrative, industrial, scientific, and cultural center. The leading industries include machinery, defence, oil production (about 3% of Russian output), oil refining, chemical and petrochemical, timber and wood processing and the food industry.

There is one international airport in Perm Bolshoye Savino (Big Savino). Perm is also served by the smaller airport "Bakharevka".

Perm's public transit network includes streetcar (tram), bus, and trolleybus routes.

Sister cities[change | change source]

Perm is the sister city of (twinned with):

Sport[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]