Petrozavodsk

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The coat of arms of Petrozavodsk
Petrozavodsk Drama Theater building.
Petrozavodsk, 1915
Children on a river beach in Petrozavodsk, 1959
The flag of Petrozavodsk

Petrozavodsk (Russian: Петрозаводск, Karelian/Vepsian/Finnish: Petroskoi) is a city in northwestern Russia. The city has a population of around 262,000 people.[1]

History[change | change source]

Evidence shows that people have lived in the Petrozavodsk region since seven thousand years ago. At the end of the sixteenth century, there was a settlement in the region that was named Onegaborg.[2]

During the Finnish occupation of Petrozavodsk, the city was named Äänislinna (or Ääneslinna). The city was retaken by the Soviet army on 28 June 1944. The Finns set up concentration camps in the city for people of non-Finnic ethnicity. In total, six camps were set up; which in total held 23,984 civilians of Russian ethnicity.

In 1977, the Petrozavodsk phenomenon occurred. This was an incident where a glowing object showered the city with many rays. Many people now believe that it was caused by the launch of the Soviet satellite Kosmos 955.[3]

The Petrozavodsk State University is located in the city. The university is made up of 9 faculties and 6 institutes, and was founded on 1 September 1940.[4]

There are many popular landmarks in Petrozavodsk. One of them is "Lenin Square," which is an oval space with a large Vladimir Lenin statue in the center. The suburb of Martsialnye Vody is the oldest spa in Russia. It was founded in 1714 by Peter the Great. Petrozavodsk is home to the Karelia Philharmonic Orchestra,[5] the Karelian Musical Theater, the National Library of Karelia, the National Theatre of Karelia and a branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Climate[change | change source]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Petrozavodsk experiences a subarctic climate. However, the city has much milder temperatures than other cities in that climate. This is mainly because of the city's position next to the Baltic Sea. Temperatures range from a high of 21.5°C (70.7°F) in summer, and −6.4°C (20.5°F) in the winter. The record high temperature was 33.9°C (93.0°F), and the record low temperature was −41.6°C (−42.9°F).[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  2. "Петрозаводск - это... Что такое Петрозаводск?". Словари и энциклопедии на Академике.
  3. "Soviet UFO due to secret launch". Science News 112. October 8, 1977. 
  4. "Основные сведения :: Петрозаводский государственный университет". Petrozavodsk State University. 10 October 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  5. http://www.marius-stravinsky.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6&Itemid=10
  6. "Pogoda.ru.net (Weather and Climate-The Climate of Petrozavodsk)" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved 12 February 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]