Philidor defence

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Philidor's defence:
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6
Start of chess board.
a8 black rook b8 black knight c8 black bishop d8 black queen e8 black king f8 black bishop g8 black knight h8 black rook
a7 black pawn b7 black pawn c7 black pawn d7 __ e7 __ f7 black pawn g7 black pawn h7 black pawn
a6 __ b6 __ c6 __ d6 black pawn e6 __ f6 __ g6 __ h6 __
a5 __ b5 __ c5 __ d5 __ e5 black pawn f5 __ g5 __ h5 __
a4 __ b4 __ c4 __ d4 __ e4 white pawn f4 __ g4 __ h4 __
a3 __ b3 __ c3 __ d3 __ e3 __ f3 white knight g3 __ h3 __
a2 white pawn b2 white pawn c2 white pawn d2 white pawn e2 __ f2 white pawn g2 white pawn h2 white pawn
a1 white rook b1 white knight c1 white bishop d1 white queen e1 white king f1 white bishop g1 __ h1 white rook
End of chess board.

Philidor's defence, usually called the Philodor, is one of the basic chess openings. It was used often by the 18th century master Philidor, and he published analsis about it in his textbook L'Analyse du jeu des échecs (1849).

Variations[change | change source]

Philidor's counter-gambit[change | change source]

1.e4 e5
2.Nf3 d6
3.d4 f5

Main line[change | change source]

1.e4 e5
2.Nf3 d6
3.d4 exd4
4.Nxd4 Nf6
5.Nc3 Be7 or 5...g6 followed by 6...Bg7

Transposition[change | change source]

Black can reach a line called the Hanham variation by transposing from the Pirc defence:

1.e4 d6
2.d4 Nf6
3.Nc3 Nbd7
4.Nf3 e5