|President of France|
1940-1944/1946 with Charles de Gaulle
|Born||24 April 1856|
Cauchy-à-la-Tour, Pas-de-Calais, Second French Empire
|Died||23 July 1951 (aged 95)|
Port-Joinville, Vendée, France
Philippe Pétain (1856-1951) was a French General who served as leader of Vichy France between 1940 and 1944.
During World War I Pétain was the hero of the Battle of Verdun and led the French Army until the end of the war in 1918.
In 1940 during the Battle of France the French government asked him to govern the country. He surrendered to the Germans. From 1940 to late 1942, Vichy France was a client state of Nazi Germany. In November 1942 Pétain became a puppet of Nazi Germany as they fully occupied and disarmed Vichy France.
After the war, Pétain was tried and convicted for treason. He was originally sentenced to death, but due to his age and World War I service his sentence was commuted to life in prison. He died in 1951.
- 1856 births
- 1951 deaths
- Ambassadors of France
- French criminals
- French diplomats
- French generals
- French military personnel of World War I
- French people of World War II
- French prisoners
- French Roman Catholics
- Government ministers of France
- Legion of Honour
- Marshals of France
- Members of the Académie française
- People from Hauts-de-France
- People who died in prison custody
- Presidents of France
- Prime Ministers of France
- War criminals
- World War II political leaders