|An American flamingo (front), with a Chilean flamingos (back)|
They are in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. There are six species of flamingo. Two of species are found in Africa, Europe and Asia. The other four are found in North America and South America.
Flamingos are pink or red. This is because of small bacteria that live in water which the flamingos eat. This small bacteria is known as carotenoids. This is a pigment that causes the plumage color you see on flamingos. They also eat small crayfish and algae. Baby flamingos are gray. Flamingos can fly. This is why they have wings. Flamingos are very tall birds and they have long legs. They often stand on only one leg. Scientsts found that they do this beacuse it takes less energy than standing on two legs. Flamingos have a curved bill that is shaped like a banana. This is because they feed in the mud on the bottom of lakes. Flamingos can weigh up to 4 kg and be up to 145cm tall. They live up to around 47 years.
Conservation[change | change source]
Taxonomy[change | change source]
Living species[change | change source]
- Greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)
- Lesser flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor)
- Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis)
- James's flamingo (Phoenicoparrus jamesi)
- Andean flamingo (Phoenicopterus andinus)
- American flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)