Picea abies

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Norway spruce
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
P. abies
Binomial name
Picea abies
The Norway spruce range.[1]
Distribution map. Green: native range. Orange: introduced areas. Crosses and triangles denote isolated populations.

Picea abies, the Norway spruce or European spruce, is a species of spruce native to Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.[2][3] Its branches hang downwards, and it hasthe largest cones of any spruce, 9–17 cm long. It is very closely related to the Siberian spruce (Picea obovata). The Norway spruce is planted for its wood, and is the species used as the main Christmas tree in many countries around the world.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Farjon, A. (2017). "Picea abies". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T42318A71233492. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T42318A71233492.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. "Picea abies (Norway spruce) description". Conifers.org. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
  3. BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.