|The small white or cabbage white (Pieris rapae)|
The Pieridae are a large family of butterflies. It has about 76 genera and 1,100 species. They are mostly from tropical Africa and Asia. Most pierid butterflies are white, yellow or orange with black spots. The pigments are a characteristic of this family.
Classification[change | change source]
Subfamilies[change | change source]
The Pieridae are divided into the following four subfamilies:
- Dismorphiinae (6 genera) They are mostly neotropical. This group includes many mimetical species. The host plants are in the family Fabaceae.
- Pierinae (55 genera) This subfamily includes the whites and orange-tips. Many of these species are strongly migratory. Their host plants are in the families Capparidaceae, Brassicaceae, Santalaceae, and Loranthaceae.
- Coliadinae (14 genera) This subfamily includes the sulphurs and yellows. Many of these species are sexually dimorphic. Some species, such as in the genus Colias, have wing patterns that are visible only under ultraviolet light.
- Pseudopontiinae The main species in this subfamily is Pseudopontia paradoxa. It is endemic to West Africa.
References[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pieridae.|
|Wikispecies has information on: Pieridae.|