|• Mayor||Klaus Peter Hanke (none)|
|• Total||53.06 km2 (20.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||109−340 m (−1,006 ft)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Geography[change | change source]
Pirna is located at the beginning of the Elbtalkessel, where the Wesenitz and the Gottleuba flow in the Elbe. In the south of Pirna is the Osterzgebirge. Pirna is named Tor zur Sächsischen Schweiz (door to the Sächsische Schweiz).
Nearby towns[change | change source]
Direct in the north of Pirna is the capital of Saxony, Dresden. Nearby towns are Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Bahretal, Dohma, Dohna, Dürrröhrsdorf-Dittersbach, Heidenau, Lohmen, Stadt Wehlen and Struppen. All these towns are in the rural districts of Sächsische and Schweiz-Osterzgebirge.
History[change | change source]
Stone Age[change | change source]
Middle Ages[change | change source]
With the foundation of the Mark Meißen in the 10th century, it became possible to confirm when the Pirna area had been settled. The castle of Prina was built during the 12th century. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen established the rights of the town of Pirna officially. At this time, the river Elbe was important for trade. The town was first mentioned in writing in 1233. Wenceslaus II of Bohemia bought the town in 1293, so the town was Bohemian until 1405. In 1307, a convent, a complex where nuns lived, was founded in the district.
Population change[change | change source]
The table below lists the population change of Pirna since 1300. Since 1960 the population was counted on December 31 every year.
1900 til 1989
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pirna.|
Notes[change | change source]
- "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2016] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
- Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen statistics
Other websites[change | change source]
- Homepage of Pirna (german)
- The historical old town of Pirna (german)
- board of trustees (german)
- The history of the town (von Hugo Jensch) (german)